Crizotinib in Treating Patients With Stage IB-IIIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Has Been Removed by Surgery and ALK Fusion Mutations (An ALCHEMIST Treatment Trial)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    168
  • sponsor
    ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
Updated on 25 January 2021
Investigator
Marvin J. Feldman
Primary Contact
Northwest Hospital Center (3.8 mi away) Contact
+1092 other location
ct scan
metastasis
neutrophil count
tumor cells
congestive heart failure
cardiac arrhythmia
mitomycin
biomarker analysis
angina
adjuvant chemotherapy

Summary

This randomized phase III trial studies how well crizotinib works in treating patients with stage IB-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer that has been removed by surgery and has a mutation in a protein called anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK). Mutations, or changes, in ALK can make it very active and important for tumor cell growth and progression. Crizotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the ALK protein from working. Crizotinib may be an effective treatment for patients with non-small cell lung cancer and an ALK fusion mutation.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate whether adjuvant therapy with crizotinib will result in improved overall survival (OS) for patients with stage IB >= 4 cm, II and IIIA, ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) following surgical resection.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate and compare disease-free survival (DFS) associated with crizotinib.

II. To evaluate the safety profile of crizotinib when given in the adjuvant therapy setting.

III. To collect tumor tissue and blood specimens for future research.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM A: Patients receive crizotinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B: Patients undergo observation.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months if < 4 or 5 years from study entry, and every 12 months if 5-10 or 6-10 years from study entry.

Details
Condition ALK Positive, ALK Gene Rearrangement, ALK Gene Translocation, Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage II Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7, Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma AJCC v7, Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7
Treatment clinical observation, laboratory biomarker analysis, Crizotinib
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02201992
SponsorECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
Last Modified on25 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have undergone complete surgical resection of their stage IB (>= 4 cm), II, or non-squamous IIIA NSCLC per American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th edition and have had negative margins; N3 disease is not allowed
Baseline chest computed tomography (CT) with or without contrast must be performed within 6 months (180 days) prior to randomization to ensure no evidence of disease; if clinically indicated additional imaging studies must be performed to rule out metastatic disease
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
Patients must be registered to the ALCHEMIST-SCREEN (ALLIANCE A151216) trial prior to randomization
Positive for translocation or inversion events involving the ALK gene locus (e.g. resulting in echinoderm microtubule associated protein like 4 [EML4]-ALK fusion) as determined by the Vysis Break Point fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay and defined by an increase in the distance between 5? and 3? ALK probes or the loss of the 5? probe; this must have been performed
By a local Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) certified laboratory: report must indicate the results as well as the CLIA number of the laboratory which performed the assay; tissue must be available for submission for central, retrospective confirmation of the ALK fusion status via ALCHEMIST-SCREEN (ALLIANCE A151216) OR
Patient registered to and the ALK fusion status performed centrally on the ALCHEMIST-SCREEN (ALLIANCE A151216)
Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding
All females of childbearing potential must have a blood or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to practice abstinence or use an accepted and effective method of contraception
Patients must NOT have uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, serious ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
No known interstitial fibrosis or interstitial lung disease
No prior treatment with crizotinib or another ALK inhibitor
No ongoing cardiac dysrhythmias of grade >= 2 National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0, uncontrolled atrial fibrillation (any grade), or corrected QT (QTc) interval > 470 msec
No use of medications, herbals, or foods that are known potent cytochrome P450, subfamily 3A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) inhibitors or inducers, included but not limited to those outlined
Patients must be adequately recovered from surgery at the time of randomization
The minimum time requirement between date of surgery and randomization must be at least 4 weeks (28 days)
The maximum time requirement between surgery and randomization must be
months (90 days) if no adjuvant chemotherapy was administered
months (240 days) if adjuvant chemotherapy was administered
months (300 days) if adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy were administered
Patients must have completed any prior adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy 2 or more weeks (6 or more weeks for mitomycin and nitrosoureas) prior to randomization and be adequately recovered at the time of randomization
NOTE: Patients taking low dose methotrexate for non-malignant conditions and other cytotoxic agents for non-malignant conditions are allowed to continue treatment while on study
NOTE: Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy for the resected lung cancer is not permitted
Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
Total serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
Platelets >= 30,000/mm^3
Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL
Serum creatinine =< 2 x ULN
Prior to randomization patients with any non-hematologic toxicity from surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation must have recovered to grade =< 1 with the exception of alopecia and the criteria outlined
Patients must not have any history of locally advanced or metastatic cancer requiring systemic therapy within 5 years from randomization, with the exception of in-situ carcinomas and non-melanoma skin cancer; patients must have no previous primary lung cancer diagnosed concurrently or within the past 2 years
Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents while on study
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