Metronomic Therapy for Pediatric Patients With Solid Tumors at High Risk of Recurrence

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 21, 2029
  • participants needed
    20
  • sponsor
    Miller Children's & Women's Hospital Long Beach
Updated on 21 January 2021
platelet count
cancer
cyclophosphamide
neutrophil count
blood transfusion
sarcoma
kidney function test

Summary

Most pediatric patients with solid tumors respond to initial high-dose, intensive therapy and complete treatment in remission. High-risk patients however, frequently have recurrent disease which is then treated with ad hoc regimens or early phase therapies with little benefit to the patient. Metronomic therapy (MC), defined as lower dose continuous drug exposure, has been successfully tested in pediatric leukemias with excellent results in terms of improved outcome, toxicity profiles, and cost. MC has been applied to solid tumors with little success, but has been implemented usually in the relapsed setting at a time of high tumor burden and disease resistance.

Description

Most pediatric patients with solid tumors respond to initial high-dose, intensive therapy and complete treatment in remission. High-risk patients however, frequently have recurrent disease which is then treated with ad hoc regimens or early phase therapies with little benefit to the patient. Metronomic therapy (MC), defined as lower dose continuous drug exposure, has been successfully tested in pediatric leukemias with excellent results in terms of improved outcome, toxicity profiles, and cost. MC has been applied to solid tumors with little success, but has been implemented usually in the relapsed setting at a time of high tumor burden and disease resistance. This protocol's overall objective is to improve on historical outcome for high risk pediatric patients who are in remission by initiating MC treatment after completion of front-line therapy.

This protocol 1) will treat patients when they have minimal disease burden, 2) will treat patients with agents either not previously incorporated into front-line therapy or given in a different manner and, 3) is designed to be given in the outpatient setting. The 4 agents will take advantage of targeting frequently disrupted signaling pathways, epigenetic abnormalities, and classical cell killing mechanisms. An analysis of cost will be undertaken to help define part of the financial impact to families and on the health care system to deliver this therapy. The hypothesis of this protocol is: Introduction of metronomic treatment after completion of standard therapy for patients with high-risk, solid tumors in remission will improve time to tumor progression compared with historical controls. The primary and secondary goals (specific aims) of this protocol are: To determine the time to tumor progression for patients at high-risk of relapse with solid tumors; To define and describe the toxicity profile of the chemotherapy regimen; To determine the site(s) of relapse for patients receiving treatment;To determine part of the cost of delivering treatment; and finally to understand how this added therapy impacts quality of life.

Chemotherapy will be started within 6 weeks of completion of front-line treatment, documentation of remission status and fulfillment of all eligibility criteria. Documentation of remission will be by appropriate evaluations including history, physical examination, laboratory testing and radiographic imaging and follow criteria for initial staging, when appropriate.

There will be two study blocks. Each block will be of 21 days duration consisting of 14 treatment days followed by 7 rest days. The following block will start on day 22 of the cycle. There will be 10 cycles of therapy (approximately 60 weeks) and each cycle is defined by 42 days. Each block will be separated by a 1 week rest period (no chemotherapy) and patients will be evaluated for disease status every two cycles of therapy. Therapy will continue for 10 cycles or until patients relapse or are intolerant of therapy.

Block A consists of bevacizumab weekly X 2 weeks at 10 mg/kg, IV, on days 1 and 8, and oral cyclophosphamide X 14 days at 25 mg/m2, on days 1-14. The maximum dose of cyclophosphamide will be 50 mg. Block B will consist of temsirolimus weekly X 2 weeks, 25 mg/m2, IV, on days 22 and 29, and valproic acid, 5 mg/kg, by mouth, on days 22-35. Valproic acid trough levels will be maintained at 75-100 ucg/mL by adjusting doses as appropriate. The rest periods are on days 15-21 and 36-42.

Blocks of chemotherapy interrupted because of toxicity will not be repeated or time extended to complete. The next block will be started when toxicity has improved to grade II or less and if two blocks of treatment are interrupted for toxicity, dose reductions instituted as defined in this protocol.

Additionally, subjects enrolled on MC and a control group will complete three quality of life (PedsQL) instruments at three study time points: PedsQL Cancer Module, PedsQL Fatigue Module, and the Present Functioning scale. These indicators will assess how added therapy has impacted quality of life.

There are no investigational procedures, and no placebo involved in this protocol.

The potential benefits of this protocol are prolongation of remission status for the patient with minimal toxicity, few anticipated hospitalizations and minimal additional cost of care. Some patients may be cured as a result of this treatment. Should this study improve outcome for this group of patients, the benefits to society would be great. Outcome for high risk patients has stagnated for at least the last 10 years and additional high-dose chemotherapy is unlikely to improve outcome because of poor tolerability (side effects). Studying some of the cost associated with this treatment is important because of the lack of information on out-patient care cost in general and to understand the economic impact on families and society.

Details
Condition Solid Tumors, Solid Tumor, Solid Neoplasm, Solid Tumour
Treatment cyclophosphamide, bevacizumab, valproic acid, Temsirolimus
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02446431
SponsorMiller Children's & Women's Hospital Long Beach
Last Modified on21 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

The following solid tumors will be studied: rhabdomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, other soft tissue sarcomas
Other solid tumors fulfilling the remainder of eligibility criteria and available historical data to determine time to tumor progression
Expected time to progression of < 2 years, based on historical data
All patients will have completed front-line therapy
All patients will be in remission from their primary diagnosis
All patients will start metronomic therapy within 6 weeks of completion of front-line treatment
All patient will have recovered from previous toxicities
All patients or their parents/legal guardian will have signed an informed consent document
All institutional eligibility criteria will be meet
Age: Patients must be 12 months and <31 years of age at the time of study entry
Patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis
Patients must have a Lansky or Karnofsky performance status score of 50, corresponding to ECOG categories 0, 1 or 2
Adequate renal function defined as: Normal serum creatinine
Normal liver tests (ALT/AST/total bilirubin/triglycerides/cholesterol)
Recovered from all surgical procedures for at least 7 days (minor procedures) or 28 days (major procedures)
Adequate cardiac function defined as: Shortening fraction of 27% by echocardiogram, or ejection fraction of 50% by radionuclide angiogram
Platelet count 100,000K/uL (transfusion independent), hemoglobin 8.0 g/dL
Adequate bone marrow function: Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) 1,000K/uL
Signed Informed Consent document and/or Assent document

Exclusion Criteria

Female patients who are pregnant
Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed to discontinue breastfeeding
Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained
Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of study participation
Any primary central nervous system tumor
Any patient who has experienced relapsed or refractory disease or a second malignancy
Any patient not in remission
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