Benefit/Risk in Real Life of New Oral Anticoagulants and Vitamin K Antagonists in Patients Aged 80 Years and Over

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    64
  • participants needed
    2193
  • sponsor
    Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Updated on 23 January 2021
warfarin
anticoagulants
rivaroxaban
fibrillation
vitamin k antagonist
vitamin k
apixaban
dabigatran

Summary

The aim of the study is to compare, in real life, the risk benefit (including both major bleeding and thrombotic events (TE) and death from any cause) associated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOA) and with anti vitamin K (VKA) in older adults ( 80 years) suffering from non valvular atrial fibrillation and living in community or nursing home settings.

An observational multicenter prospective inception cohort will be conducted within the PRESAGE-Network, an ongoing active network on drug safety in older adults in France involving a sample of general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists, for an active surveillance of drug safety in older adults. GPs and pharmacists will prospectively include all octo+ patients they care for, newly treated with an oral anticoagulant (VKA or DOA) for nv AF and will follow them during 2 years at least.

Description

  • Context: Oral anticoagulation is recommended for prevention of stroke and thrombo-embolic events in people aged 80 years and over (octo+) suffering from non vavular atrial fibrillation (nv AF) and without contraindication to anticoagulant therapy. Two drug classes are available to achieve this oral anticoagulation: the vitaminK antagonists (VKA, warfarin, fluindione and acenocoumarol) or the direct oral anticoagulants (DOA, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban). The data of evidence-based and post-marketing literature on the benefit/risk ratio of DOA comparatively to VKA are limited, conflicting, potentially biased and finally inconclusive in this population. Nevertheless, octo+ are the age bracket the most at risk for nv AF and the population with the highest risk of both anticoagulant-related major bleedings and AF-related thrombotic (TE) events.
    • Objectives: The aim of the study is to assess and compare the real benefits and harms of the two therapeutic strategies available in routine practice, for the anticoagulation in octo+ suffering from nvAF. The main objective is to estimate and compare a composite event including major bleeding, TE events and death from any cause of DOA and VKA in octo+ suffering from nv AF and living in community or nursing home settings. The secondary objectives are, in this population: to estimate and compare the composite event of each DOA (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban) with the composite event of VKA, to estimate and compare the rate of occurrence of each component of the composite event in patients exposed to DOA as compared to patients exposed to VKA, to identify factors associated with the occurrence of major bleeding events and TE events in patients exposed to oral anticoagulants (OAC), to describe others adverse drug reactions (ADRs) (not serious bleeding and TE events; other serious or not serious ADRs) and to provide related rates in users of VKA and DOA as well as individual DOA, to describe the utilization patterns of oral anticoagulants.
    • Design: An observational multicenter prospective inception cohort will be conducted within the PRESAGE-Network, an ongoing active network on drug safety in older adults in France involving a sample of general practitioners (GPs) and pharmacists, for an active surveillance of drug safety in older adults.

Details
Condition Arrhythmia, Atrial Fibrillation, Atrial Fibrillation (Pediatric), Dysrhythmia
Treatment Direct oral antocoagulant: dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, Vitamin K antagonist: warfarin, fluindione, acenocoumarol
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02286414
SponsorAssistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Last Modified on23 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Aged 80 years and over
Newly treated with oral anticoagulants (DOA or VKA) for nv AF (whatever its type) or for flutter
Living in community or in nursing home
And consulting a general practionner (GP) and/or a pharmacist participating to the Presage network

Exclusion Criteria

Opposition of the patient to the collection of his personal data
Follow-up deemed impossible
Clear my responses

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