Last updated on February 2018

The Effect of Carvedilol VS Endoscopic Therapy in Primary Prophylaxis of High-risk Esophageal Gastric Variceal Bleeding

Brief description of study

To compare the efficacy and safety of Carvedilol and endoscopic therapy in Primary Prophylaxis of High-risk Esophageal Gastric Variceal Bleeding.

Detailed Study Description

The study is a randomized controlled trial. Patients randomly enter into two treatment groups: 1)the Carvedilol group and 2)the endoscopy group. Treatment allocation is by block randomization, with an two-to-one ratio for Carvedilol and endoscopy. The results are concealed in opaque envelopes. The dose of Carvedilol is titrated according to systolic arterial blood pressure (ABPsys) and heart rate (HR). Doses are increased every 7 days until ABPsys is not less than 95 mm Hg and HR is not less than 55 bpm. Carvedilol is started at a dose of 6.25 mg/d, and titrated to a maximum dose of 12.5 mg/d. Patients receiving endoscopic therapy every 4 weeks until eradication of varices. Patients will come for clinic visit every 6 months, receiving laboratory tests and endoscopic examinations, and events of primary and secondary outcomes will be analyzed.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02695732

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