Last updated on February 2018

Safety and Feasibility of Hypertonic Saline Solution After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage:

Brief description of study

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurs after rupture of cerebral aneurysms. Treatment of SAH focuses on avoiding medical complications including cerebral vasospasm, which may result in limited circulation to the brain. Cerebral vasospasm, or thinning of the arteries of the brain, is a feared complication that could potentially cause stroke and worst outcomes after SAH. Hypertonic saline (HTS) is a compound that may be used to prevent vasospasm following SAH by enhancing the circulation in the brain. This study will evaluate if a protocol of volume expansion with HTS is safe and effective in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage for the prevention of cerebral vasospasm.

Detailed Study Description

This is a prospective, single-center, interventional, randomized, parallel, two-arm (1:1) phase II clinical trial with blinded end-point ascertainment designed to determine the safety and feasibility of a protocol of 3% hypertonic saline (HTS) as a "volume expander" administered within 72-hours of admission and up to 7-days in SAH patients compared to standard fluid management, in individuals with aneurysmal SAH. A common sequela of aneurysmal SAH is vasospasm, which causes significant morbidity and mortality. In addition, 30% of patients with SAH develop hypovolemic hyponatremia (serum sodium [Na] <130mEq/L), predisposing them to develop cerebral ischemia. Current guidelines for the management of aneurysmal SAH recommend: (1) maintaining euvolemia in order to prevent delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) and (2) using HTS as a treatment option for the prevention and treatment of hypovolemic hyponatremia. Treatment for vasospasm includes induction of hypertension, along with systemic and/or intra-arterial administration of calcium channel blockers, or angioplasty. The investigators will (1) measure the incidence of severe adverse events from our protocol of HTS, (2) measure the incidence of cerebral vasospasm in patients treated with our protocol of HTS as compared to patients treated with standard fluid therapy; and (3) assess the burden of hypovolemic hyponatremia.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02432157

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