Last updated on February 2018

Peritoneal Ultrafiltration to Treat Congestive Heart Failure

Brief description of study

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the treatment of peritoneal ultrafiltration can improve survival and quality of life of refractory congestive heart failure with special accent on preserving residual renal function and peritoneal membrane characteristics/

Detailed Study Description

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the leading cause of acute hospital admissions. The morbidity associated with this condition presents a major health and economic challenge, which is anticipated to increase in the aging of population especially in developed countries.

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) in patients with diuretic resistant cardio-renal syndrome type 2 enables low-molecular weight solute clearance and ultrafiltration (UF) without serious hemodynamic changes, which makes this modality attractive for chronic CHF treatment . The key practical advantage of PD is that the patient can be treated at home, with treatment adjustment in accordance with his current condition. The additional advantages are: continuous UF, flexible schedule, no need for devices or anticoagulation, no need for medical staff.

Despite the fact that there was no significant improvement of survival in CHF patients treated by PD, as compared to regular treatment, improvement of symptoms, physical performance, quality of life , biochemical profile, and significant decrease in hospitalization rate have been reported.

PD has a number of both theoretical and practical advantages for extending treatment in CHF patients, but there is little experience in this field and limited knowledge regarding its influence on peritoneal membrane and renal function in patients with moderate renal failure.

Aims of the study:

  1. primary aim - to find out if there is survival benefit on PD treatment, reduced hospitalization rate and improved QOL, to compare the functional outcomes of CHF patients 1 year before dialysis treatment and on PD treatment with different types of PD fluids
  2. secondary aim - to choose the optimal type of dialysis treatment in term of effective UF, preservation of peritoneal membrane and residual renal function.

Research question: Whether UF improves survival and QOL in patients with severe CHF. What are the modes of PD and HD treatment ensuring the least possible negative impact on peritoneal membrane and residual renal function? Research hypothesis: UF improves survival and QOL in patients with severe CHF. Low glucose dialysis solutions are preferable treatment for CHF patient on PD for preservation of residual renal function and peritoneal membrane characteristics.

Possible risks preventing: early peritoneal membrane failure and deterioration of renal function, symptoms of fluid overload and need for inpatient treatment.

Type of study: observational prospective Population: CHF patients referred to nephrologist for home-based UF (PD) or medical or hemodialysis treatment

Inclusion criteria:

  • diagnosis of heart failure NYHA 3-4 on maximal treatment with evidence of diuretic resistance and repeated hospital admissions due to fluid overload (at least 2 in previous 3 months)
  • evidence of CKD stage 3-4
  • agreement to place dialysis catheter in the peritoneal cavity for PD treatment or IV access for hemodialysis
  • available medical records 1 year before dialysis treatment

Exclusion criteria:

  • unstable hemodynamic or respiratory condition
  • need for vasopressor support
  • patient refusal
  • lack of family support or housing conditions needed for PD treatment
  • evidence of active kidney disease (obstructive uropathy, glomerulonephritis, vasculitis etc.) at recruitment to the study Accrual rate: 10 -20 patients per year, 40-80 patient overall Enrolment mode: The patients will be referred to peritoneal dialysis center by treating nephrologist or cardiologist. After identification and approval of candidate by dialysis nurse, the incident patients who meet the inclusion criteria, will be referred for peritoneal catheter insertion.

Intervention: PD catheter insertion by nephrologist or surgeon and PD treatment by dialysis fluids in according to clinical needs of the patient. Monitoring of clinical symptoms of fluid overload, hospital admissions, UF rate, peritoneal membrane damage parameters (cell-free DNA in peritoneal effluent, peritoneal equilibration test) and residual renal function markers (eGFR creatinine based , KT/V, urinary markers , PET) at the start of the treatment, each 3 months during the treatment and at each change of prescription. Complications of all kinds will be recorded.

Comparison group: CHF patients referred to nephrologist for home-based UF (PD) treatment and who preferred to continue conventional treatment.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02829450

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