Multi-Epitope TARP Peptide Autologous Dendritic Cell Vaccination in Men With Stage D0 Prostate Cancer

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Sep 1, 2024
  • participants needed
    75
  • sponsor
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Updated on 12 September 2021
ct scan
platelet count
prostatectomy
cancer
anticoagulants
cryotherapy
definitive treatment
blood test
testosterone
metastasis
bone scan
prostate specific antigen
brachytherapy
finasteride
external beam radiation therapy
dutasteride
cancer treatment
saw palmetto
5-alpha reductase inhibitors
cancer vaccine

Summary

Background
  • Men who continue to have an elevated or rising prostate specific antigen (PSA) level after their primary prostate cancer treatment are at increased risk for their cancer to progress. The time it takes to progress is highly variable. One way to predict this progression is based on the change in PSA levels over time. This is called the PSA doubling time (PSADT). Researchers want to test a vaccine on men with Stage D0 prostate cancer. Stage D0 means the PSA has become detectable again or has started to rise after primary treatment, but has not spread to other organs.
    Objectives
  • To test a vaccine s effectiveness on the rate of PSA increase using PSADT and tumor growth rates.
    Eligibility
  • Men with Stage D0 prostate cancer with a PSADT between 3 and 15 months.
    Design
  • Participants will be screened with blood tests, scans, physical exam, and medical history. Their prostate cancer will be confirmed.
  • Participants will undergo apheresis. Blood will be removed with a needle from one arm. A machine will separate the white blood cells. The blood, minus the white cells, will be returned through a needle in the other arm.
  • Participants will have 14 visits. At each visit, they will have a physical exam and blood tests. They will discuss any side effects.
  • Participants will get injections of either the vaccine or placebo at weeks 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 24. Both will be made from the participants own cells.
  • Participants will be selected randomly to receive either active vaccine or placebo. For every two participants assigned to active vaccine, one participant will be assigned to placebo vaccine.
  • Participants will get a Vaccine Report Card to to complete after receiving vaccine.
  • The study lasts 96 weeks.

Description

TARP

  • T-cell receptor g alternate reading frame protein (TARP) is a 58 amino acid protein expressed by both normal and malignant prostate cancer tissue; 95% of prostate cancer specimens are positive for TARP expression. TARP is highly expressed in prostate cancers of all Gleason types, in primary as well as metastatic disease, and in hormone sensitive and castrate resistant prostate cancer. Therefore, TARP is an ideal tumor antigen target for a vaccine.
  • A prospective, randomized pilot study of 1st generation TARP Peptide vaccination (NCI 09-C-0139) utilizing TARP WT 27-35 and EE29-37-9V peptides was conducted in HLA-A 0201positive men with stage D0 prostate cancer (PSA biochemical recurrence) and a PSA doubling time (PSADT) of greater than or equal to 3 months and less than or equal to 15 months. TARP vaccination was found to be immunogenic, safe and well tolerated, with adverse events limited to injection site reactions less than or equal to Grade 2. TARP vaccination was also associated with a decreased slope log PSA compared to pre-vaccination baseline in 72% of subjects reaching 24 weeks and 74% reaching 48 weeks (p=0.0012 and p=0.0004 for overall changes in slope log PSA, respectively); TARP vaccination also resulted in a 50% decrease in calculated tumor growth rate constant: pre-vaccine g = 0.0042/day, post-vaccine g = 0.0021/day (p=0.003); TARP-specific IFN-g ELISPOT responses were detected in the majority of subjects but did not correlate with decreases in slope log (PSA).

Multi-Epitope (ME) TARP Vaccine

  • The vaccine platform includes the original two 9-mer HLA-A*0201 binding TARP peptide epitopes (WT27-35 and EE29-37-9V) utilized in NCI 09-C-0139 as well as an additional five 20-mer TARP peptides overlapping by 10 amino acids for a total of 7 peptides that span the amino acid sequence of the entire TARP protein.
  • The advantage of this multi-epitope TARP peptide vaccine platform is that the overlapping epitopes cover the entire TARP protein, resulting in potential for induction of a multi-valent anti-TARP response. In addition, these longer synthetic peptides include TARP-specific MHC class II CD4+ T cell helper epitopes that will allow generation of better CD8+ T cell responses with improved functional avidity and longevity as well as humoral anti-TARP antibody responses.

Study Objectives:

Primary

-To assess the difference in the slope log (PSA) for Weeks3-24 minus that formed for the 12 months prior to enrollment on study (referred to as slope324 pre-slope) as well as the slope log (PSA) for weeks 3-48 versus the same pre-treatment slope log (PSA) (referred to as slope 348 preslope) in patients na(SqrRoot) ve to TARP vaccination receiving active, multi-epitope TARP vaccination vs. placebo.

Eligibility
  • Males greater than or equal to 18 years of age with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate.
  • Stage D0 disease with documented biochemical progression documented by rising PSA and no evidence of metastatic disease by physical examination, CT scan or bone scan.
  • PSADT greater than or equal to 3 months and less than or equal to 15 months:

----Patients must have greater than or equal to 3 PSA measurements over greater than or equal to 3 months.

--- The interval between PSA measurements must be greater than or equal to 4 weeks.

  • Performance Status: ECOG 0-1.
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy or prior prostate cancer vaccines expressing TARP.

Study Design:

  • Phase II, prospective, single-blinded, randomized, placebo controlled study of 96 weeks duration in men with Stage D0 prostate cancer. Men with a PSADT greater than or equal to 3 months and less than or equal to 15 months will be randomized 2:1 to receive ME TARP autologous DC vaccination or a control eleutriated monocyte vaccine placebo.
  • An initial lead-in of 6 patientswill be enrolled to allow preliminary assessment of the safety of the ME TARP vaccine platform through 12 weeks before enrollment of prospectively randomized subjects blinded to treatment assignment begins.
  • All patients will receive a total of 6 doses of vaccine (20 x10(6) viable cells/dose) delivered intradermally at Weeks 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 24. All patients will undergo a 15-18L apheresis at Week 0 and restaging at Weeks 48 and 96 to confirm maintenance of Stage D0 disease.

Sample size: N = 72 (6 lead-in patients for safety assessment, 2:1 randomization: TARP N = 44; placebo N =22).

Details
Condition Malignant neoplasm of prostate, Prostatic disorder, Prostate Disorders, Prostate Cancer, Early, Recurrent, Prostate Cancer, prostate carcinoma, prostate tumor, prostate tumors, prostate cancers
Treatment Autologus elutriated monocyte placebo vaccine, ME TARP vaccine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02362451
SponsorNational Cancer Institute (NCI)
Last Modified on12 September 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Males greater than or equal to 18 years of age with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Histology confirmation must be documented with a formal pathology report. Notes from an outside physician describing the pathologic findings (based on a prior review of the full pathology report) may be used if unable to obtain the original pathology report. This will eliminate the need for an additional invasive tissue biopsy
Must have completed and recovered from all prior definitive therapy (surgery, brachytherapy, cryotherapy or radiotherapy) for the primary tumor, or other definitiveintent local therapy
Stage D0 disease with documented biochemical progression documented by rising PSA and no evidence of metastatic disease by physical examination, CT scan or bone scan
PSADT greater than or equal to 3 months and less than or equal to 15 months
Patients must have greater than or equal to 3 PSA measurements over greater than or equal to 3 months
The interval between PSA measurements must be greater than or equal to 4 weeks
For patients following definitive radiation therapy or cryotherapy: a rise in PSA of > 2ng/mL above the nadir (per RTOG-ASSTRO consensus criteria)
For patients following radical prostatectomy: 2 absolute PSA values > 0.2ng/ml
Non-castrate level of testosterone: greater than or equal to 50 ng/dL (prior ADT allowed; must be greater than or equal to 6 months since last dose of ADT)
Performance Status: ECOG 0-1
Hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9.0 gm/dL, WBC greater than or equal to 2,500/mm(3), ALC greater than or equal to 500/ mm(3), ANC greater than or equal to 1,000/mm(3) platelet count greater than or equal to 75,000/mm(3), and PT/PTT less than or equal to 1.5 times ULN unless receiving clinically indicated anticoagulant therapy; SGPT/SGOT less than or equal to 3 times ULN, total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 times ULN; creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 times ULN and estimated GFR (eGFR) greater than or equal to 60 ml/min
Hepatitis B and C negative (unless the result is consistent with prior vaccination or prior infection with full recovery); HIV negative
No use of investigational agents within 4 weeks of study enrollment or use of immunosuppressive or immunomodulating agents within 8 weeks of study entry
No other concurrent anticancer therapy or prior prostate cancer vaccines expressing TARP
No alternative medications or nutriceuticals known to alter PSA (e.g. phytoestrogens and saw palmetto). Note: patients receiving medications for urinary symptoms such as Flomax or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (finasteride and dutasteride) on a chronic stable dose for at least 3 months prior to study enrollment are allowed

Exclusion Criteria

Patients with an active second malignancy other than adequately treated squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin
Patients with active infection
Patients on immunosuppressive therapy including
Systemic corticosteroid therapy for any reason. Patients receiving inhaled or topical corticosteroids may participate
Other significant or uncontrolled medical illness. Patients with a remote history of asthma or active mild asthma may participate
Patients who, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, have significant medical or psychosocial problems that warrant exclusion
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