Last updated on February 2018

BIOMARGIN European Ambispective Cohort of Adult and Paediatric Renal Transplant Patients

Brief description of study

Biomargin is a European research program aimed at evaluating the diagnostic performance of biomarkers with respect to renal graft injuries, as well as their prognostic performance with respect to 3-year and 5-year graft outcomes.

Nucleic acids, proteins and metabolites previously identified as candidate biomarkers of individual kidney graft lesions will be determined systematically in urine and blood samples collected in patients from the time of transplantation onwards, as well as in the graft tissue when biopsies are required for medical causes or performed systematically in the investigation centres. Their diagnostic and prognostic performance will be checked against histological reading of the biopsies and evolution of the graft function over time.

Detailed Study Description

Background: In renal allograft recipients, 10-year graft survival has not much improved over the past decades. There is thus a need for robust, non-invasive methods to predict and diagnose acute and chronic graft lesions, to improve patient treatment, quality of life and long-term graft survival. Also, there is an unmet need for better understanding of the immune and non-immune mechanisms of interstitial fibrosis /tubular atrophy and graft loss. Several teams have searched for biomarkers of renal graft lesions, but there has been no cross-fecundation of the different "omics" approaches, nor any consolidation of the different clusters of biomarkers discovered using different technologies. An analysis of these different omics levels based on the principles of systems biology is therefore necessary to gain insight into the disease mechanisms and will help to develop predictors at the individual level. Purpose: The European project BIOMARGIN aims to discover, select and validate blood and/or urine biomarkers of renal allograft lesions in adult and paediatric kidney transplant recipients by integrating several omics approaches (mRNA, miRNA, peptides, proteins, lipids and metabolites) in blood, graft tissue and urine. The European cohort study BECS aims to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic performance of the selected biomarkers over the first 3 and 5 years post-transplantation. Study design: This is a multicenter, international, ambispective, open and non-interventional cohort study, with collection of biological samples. Number of subjects: 450 adult and 50 paediatric renal transplant recipients. Outcomes: The primary endpoint is the graft outcome, assessed at three years as any lesion appeared on graft biopsies after patient enrolment, decline in graft function 30%, graft loss or patient death. Secondary endpoints include: histological findings in indication biopsies as well as in systematic biopsies (as per centre procedures) at 5 years; cumulated acute rejection episodes; 3-year and 5-year graft survival; and change of renal function assessed by the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimated using the MDRD formula. Statistical analysis: The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of the different biomarkers or sets of biomarkers will be evaluated for each of the primary and secondary endpoints. In order to compare the performance of the biomarkers with those of the other known risk factors for the deterioration of renal graft function, longitudinal statistical modelling will be used.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02832661

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