Last updated on February 2018

Renal Nerve Stimulation and Renal Denervation in Patients With Sympathetic Ventricular Arrhythmias


Brief description of study

Rationale

Sympathetic activity plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ventricular tachyarrhythmia. Previous studies have shown evidence of significant heritable influences on individual responses to adrenergic stimulation. Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) is a novel treatment option for patients with resistant hypertension, proved to reduce local and whole-body sympathetic activity. The investigators hypothesize that percutaneous transluminal electrical stimulation of the sympathetic nerve bundles in the renal arteries will cause ventricular arrhythmias and renal denervation will suppress these arrhythmias in patients with sympathetic ventricular arrhythmias.

Objective

This study will investigate the effects of renal nerve stimulation before and after percutaneous transluminal RDN on cardiac excitable properties including induction of ventricular tachy-arrhythmias before and after RDN in six studies, i.e. patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), long QT syndrome and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), sympathetically driven ventricular arrhythmias, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), dilated non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (DCM) and ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). The aim of the six studies is to assess the anti-arrhythmic effects of RDN in patients with sympathetic ventricular tachy-arrhythmias.

Study design:

Investigator initiated, multi centre, six pretest-posttest design studies.

Study population:

Patients with recurrent sympathetically driven ventricular arrhythmia despite optimal pharmacological therapy. Patients should be diagnosed with CPVT and certain types of long QT syndrome, ARVC, HCM, DCM and ICM. Eligible patients will be in the age category of 18-85 year.

Intervention

RDN will be performed according to routine clinical practice. Prior to the ablation procedure, catheter mapping of the renal arteries will be performed according to routine clinical practice. Clinical and biological responses to transluminal electrical renal nerve stimulation will be assessed before and after RDN.

Study endpoints:

  • Main procedural study endpoint: Induction of ventricular arrhythmias in response to renal nerve stimulation prior to RDN and absence of renal nerves stimulation induced ventricular arrhythmias after RDN.
  • Main clinical study endpoint: Development of ventricular arrhythmia during exercise stress testing performed 6 months after procedure.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group

relatedness

In several studies, it was shown that RDN was safe. The intervention resulted in significantly better control of blood pressure with less medication, and beneficial changes in heart rate variability, autonomic sympathetic balance, renal arteriolar function, and a higher success of atrial fibrillation prevention. In case reports and case series, RDN had a favourable effect in patients with sympathetic drug refractory ventricular tachy-arrhythmias.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02856373

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A. Elvan, MD, PhD

A. Elvan
Zwolle, Netherlands
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