Last updated on May 2018

Efficacy and Safety of Tacrolimus Versus Mycophenolate in Lupus Nephritis

Brief description of study

Prospective, randomized, parallel-group controlled, open-label, international (Asian) multicenter, comparison of corticosteroids combined with TAC and corticosteroids combined with MMF.

Detailed Study Description

There is accumulating evidence that tacrolimus (TAC) could serve as an effective medication for the treatment of lupus nephritis (LN). TAC is a calcineurin inhibitor, which is a key component in first-line combination immunosuppressive regimens after kidney transplantation, based on its proven efficacy in the prevention and treatment of allograft rejection and acceptable tolerability profile. Although it primarily targets T lymphocyte activation, its immunosuppressive actions encompass multiple immune response pathways due to the complex interactions between different cellular and soluble immune mediators. Moreover, the effect of calcineurin inhibitors on podocyte morphology and function, independent of their immunosuppressive effect, has translated into therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of proteinuric glomerular diseases such as membranous nephropathy and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Recent data from short-term studies showed that combination immunosuppressive regimens that included TAC and corticosteroids with or without mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) appeared at least as effective as other standard-of-care treatments for Class III/IVV LN, and the inclusion of TAC might lead to more effective suppression of proteinuria. There is also preliminary data on its favorable tolerability when used as long-term maintenance treatment. This study aims to examine the role of TAC combined with corticosteroids, in comparison with the most commonly used standard-of-care treatment MMF plus corticosteroids, in the management of lupus nephritis.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02630628

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