Last updated on February 2018

rtPA in in the Prevention of CVAD-Associated Thrombosis and Infection in Pediatric Patients With Short Bowel Syndrome


Brief description of study

The primary research question is, in patients with short bowel syndrome requiring central venous access device (CVAD) for long-term total parenteral nutrition, is once weekly recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) lock therapy more effective than routine care using heparin flushes in reducing the incidence of line-associated thrombosis and infection.

Detailed Study Description

Central venous access devices (CVAD) are used routinely in chronically ill pediatric patients for administration of medications, parenteral nutrition and laboratory testing. Several complications resulting from the use of long-term CVADs, namely venous sepsis and thrombosis, can significantly increase associated morbidity and mortality. CVAD-associated thrombosis occurs in up to 50% of children with long-term CVAD use and this is especially common in patients requiring life-sustaining long-term total parenteral nutrition (1). Catheter thrombosis may arise from fibrin sheath formation around the catheter tip, intraluminal blood clot within the catheter, or venous thrombosis obstructing the vein and occluding the catheter tip. Within 24 hours and typically within 2 weeks of placement of a CVAD, a fibrin sheath forms around its tip (2-5). Development of intraluminal thrombosis or venous thrombosis is less predictable.

There is a growing body of evidence linking the development of CVAD-associated thrombosis and line-related infection. It is known that proteins within the thrombus including fibronectin and fibrinogen attract bacteria, specifically staphylococcal species. The bacteria bind to ligands associated with the thrombus thus allowing for bacterial proliferation (6-8). The clinical relevance of line thrombus in development of line infection is underscored in a study of pediatric patients with Hickman catheters, of whom 18% with catheter thrombosis developed a line-associated bloodstream infection, while none developed a catheter infection that did not also have a catheter clot (7). Thus, we hypothesize that prevention of catheter-related clot formation with use of a local thrombolytic agent will also prevent infection in the catheter.

The primary research question we pose is, in patients with short bowel syndrome requiring central venous access device (CVAD) for long-term total parenteral nutrition, is once weekly recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) lock therapy more effective than routine care using heparin flushes in reducing the incidence of line-associated thrombosis and infection.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02355743

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Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, PA United States
9.9miles
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Recruitment Status: Open


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