Last updated on May 2020

Preventing Sickle Cell Kidney Disease

Brief description of study

Untreated hypertension and renal injury are risk factors for increased morbidity and mortality in sickle cell disease, yet early markers of progressive disease have not been identified and therapies to prevent the development of adverse cardiovascular outcomes have not been defined. Circadian blood pressure, as defined by 24 hour blood pressure monitoring, is more accurate than clinic blood pressure in defining secondary hypertension and abnormal nocturnal blood pressured dipping and nocturnal hypertension have been linked to progressive renal disease in other diseases.

Methodology/Aims: A randomized feasibility trial of losartan will be conducted among adolescent HbSS and SB0 thalassemia patients (11-19 years) with abnormal nocturnal blood pressure dipping. During this six month feasibility trial, two dosing strategies of losartan (titrated to keep clinic BP <95th percentile vs. <75th percentile) will be analyzed for safety and effect on restoring normal circadian blood pressure.

A prospective cohort study among HbSS and SB0 thalassemia patients (6-19 years) will also be conducted to evaluate the incidence of hypertension and role of monitoring potential biomarkers of kidney injury and hypertension. Cohort participants will undergo annual evaluations of hypertension(24 hour blood pressure monitoring for participants 11yrs, clinic BP in all participants) and markers of kidney injury/hypertension.

Expected Results: At the completion of the feasibility trial, vital background information will be obtained to design a definitive multicenter trial of hypertension in sickle cell disease. At the completion of the cohort study, the incidence of pediatric hypertension will be identified and the role for monitoring blood and urine biomarkers will be better understood.

As therapy for patients with renal failure is dismal, it is imperative that SCD patients at risk are identified early and that therapeutic trials are conducted that prevent progression.

Detailed Study Description

Feasibility Trial of Losartan to Correct Abnormal Circadian Blood Pressure. Cohort participants (below) identified with in-clinic hypertension and abnormal nocturnal dipping on 24 hour ABPM will be asked to participate in a feasibility trial of losartan. Participants will be offered a consultation with Pediatric Nephrology prior to study enrollment. Participants that consent /assent will undergo repeat 24 hour ABPM to confirm abnormal circadian blood pressure prior to receiving losartan. At baseline, participants will undergo evaluation for biomarkers of kidney injury and hypertension. Participants will start on losartan at 25mg of losartan and randomized to titrate clinic BP <95th or 75th percentile based on NHLBI BP tables. Participants will be followed monthly x 6 months and receive standard of care labs. ABPM and blood/urine biomarkers of kidney injury, buccal swab for circadian genes, and hypertension will be repeated at 3 and 6 months. Participants will undergo monthly evaluation for adherence through pill counting and questionnaires. Safety of dosing will be monitored by internal review and external review (DSMB).

Prospective Pediatric Cohort to Evaluate Hypertension and Kidney Injury. Patients with HbSS or SB0 thalassemia, ages 6 years and have signed informed consent will undergo clinic BP, annual ABPM and biomarkers to determine the incidence of HTN and potential role for biomarkers as monitors for the development of hypertension or kidney injury/disease. Urine will be collected annually and evaluated for current known biomarkers of kidney disease and stored for future analysis of relevant biomarkers. Uric acid will be processed from collected blood annually.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02373241

Recruitment Status: Closed

Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team

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