Optimization of MDA With Existing Drug Regimens for LF: Monitoring Efficacy of Ongoing Treatment Programs in PNG

  • STATUS
    Not Recruiting
  • participants needed
    3200
  • sponsor
    University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Updated on 22 January 2021

Summary

The standard regimen for elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in PNG is annual administration of two drugs at the same time. The two drugs are called "DEC" (Diethylcarbamazine, 6 mg/kg body weight) and "ALB" (Albendazole 400 mg for all individuals regardless of weight), which are given one time per year for five to seven years with the aim to interrupt transmission that occurs through local mosquito vectors. These drugs kill the larval forms of the parasite in the blood that are necessary for continuing transmission of infection by the mosquito vector. The two drugs were previously thought to have little effect on adult worms, the stage of the parasite which is responsible for production of the larval forms that appear in the blood of infected people. Recent data, however, suggest that DEC and ALB can kill or render adult worms unable to produce the larval forms (sterilization). Therefore, giving these drugs twice per year for three consecutive years may increase the rate of killing or sterilizing of adults worms over regimens that involve administration of the same drugs only one time per year. The overall goal of this research is to compare the anti-parasite activity of DEC plus ALB given one time per year, the current standard for MDA to eliminate LF, to DEC plus ALB given two times per year (at 6-month intervals) in order to reduce the total duration and cost of MDA to eliminate LF in PNG. Adults (18 years and older) and minors (age 5 to 17 years) will be invited to participate in this study. Study participants will be asked to give finger stick blood samples to check LF infection status and stool samples to determine how well the drugs eliminate intestinal worm infections. Sampling will be done by repeated cross-sectional surveys in the same communities, but not necessarily the same persons, one time per year over a 3-year period. As part of the annual treatment infection surveillance the study team will also collect demographic data (place of residence, family relationship, age, use of bed nets), history of swelling of the arms and legs (elephantiasis), scrotal swelling (hydrocele), acute filarial fever accompanied by extremity swelling, and history of prior treatment for LF.

Description

This research will conduct a population-based field studies to determine whether the relative cost and efficacy of semi-annual versus annual administration of MDA using DEC (6 mg/kg body weight) plus ALB 400 mg (for all individuals regardless of weight) will be more successful in elimination of LF and reduction in the burden of soil transmitted helminth (worm) infections. The study involving participation of human subjects is observational in nature, uses drugs that are the standard approved treatment for LF in PNG and elsewhere in the Pacific and Asia, and does not involve administration of drugs by the investigators. Diagnosis of LF and administration of anti-LF drugs will be the responsibility of those authorized by the PNG Department of Health to perform this activity.

The study design is repeated cross-sectional surveys examining each subject once. Some subjects may be included in more than one annual population survey, but this is not a longitudinal study. Approximately 3,200 individuals will participate per year at the beginning of the study and at years 1, 2 and 3 (a total of 4 cross-sectional surveys). The study will include both females and males 5 years of age and older who live in a LF endemic area of PNG. Subject selection will not be based on health status. The study aims to determine the relative impact and cost effectiveness of annual versus twice yearly MDA (DEC 6 mg/kg body plus Alb 400 mg for all individuals) for elimination of LF and reduction in soil transmitted helminthic infection burdens in these populations.

The project is comprised of repeated annual cross-sectional surveys in sentinel communities before and after initiation of MDA for LF. The surveys will be conducted over a period of 3 years at the following times: 0 (pre-treatment baseline), 1, 2, and 3 years corresponding to annual treatment times. Government health officials as part of the GPELF will administer the MDA (standard regimen recommended by WHO is DEC + ALB). Part of the government-sponsored program will be to screen for LF using ICT card screening and finger stick bloods for measuring the density of blood born microfilaria (MF). The current protocol will assist in collection of these data. As part of the annual treatment infection surveillance the study team will also collect demographic data, history of lymphedema, scrotal swelling (hydrocele), acute filarial fever or adenolymphangitis, and history of prior treatment for LF.

Details
Condition Lymphatic Filariasis
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03268252
SponsorUniversity Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center
Last Modified on22 January 2021

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