Afatinib in Advanced Refractory Urothelial Cancer

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jun 12, 2023
  • participants needed
    95
  • sponsor
    University of Chicago
Updated on 26 January 2021
ct scan
cancer
absolute neutrophil count
measurable disease
carcinoma
glomerular filtration rate
metastasis
HER2
chemotherapy regimen
spiral computed tomography
systemic chemotherapy
human epidermal growth factor receptor 2
transitional cell carcinoma
bladder carcinoma
metastatic urothelial carcinoma

Summary

This phase II trial studies how well afatinib dimaleate works in treating patients with urothelial cancer that cannot be removed surgically and has grown after treatment with standard first-line chemotherapy. Afatinib dimaleate may turn off the function of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) receptors, which may slow the growth of cancer cells or cause some of the cells to die.

Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the 3-month progression free survival (PFS) rate in metastatic urothelial cancer patients receiving afatinib (afatinib dimaleate) who have progressed despite prior platinum-based chemotherapy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the overall response rate (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]), median progression free survival, and overall survival for the same treated population.

II. To determine whether tumor epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and/or HER2 overexpression influences 3-month PFS in patients treated with afatinib.

OUTLINE

Patients receive afatinib dimaleate orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-42. Courses repeat every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months.

Details
Condition urinary tract neoplasm, Malignant neoplasm of ureter, Stage IV Bladder Cancer, Stage III Bladder Cancer, Distal Urethral Cancer, Proximal Urethral Cancer, Recurrent Bladder Cancer, Recurrent Urethral Cancer, Stage III Urethral Cancer, Stage IV Urethral Cancer, Metastatic Bladder Cancer, Urologic Cancer, Metastatic Bladder Carcinoma
Treatment laboratory biomarker analysis, afatinib dimaleate
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02122172
SponsorUniversity of Chicago
Last Modified on26 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer that is not amenable to surgical treatment
Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed urothelial tract carcinoma; patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, upper tract, or urethra are eligible
Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan for the evaluation of measurable disease (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 [RECIST v1.1])
Patients must have evidence of disease progression prior to enrollment
All patients must have received a prior platinum-based chemotherapy regimen for treatment of urothelial cancer and must now be considered refractory to platinum-based chemotherapy; patients may have received the platinum-containing regimen either in the peri-operative or metastatic setting
Patients may have received up to one line of prior systemic chemotherapy for recurrent/metastatic disease; if a platinum-based regimen was received both in the peri-operative setting and again in the metastatic setting, this will be considered 1 line of chemotherapy
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,000/mcL
Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
Hemoglobin >= 8.5g/dL
Total bilirubin =< 1.5 institutional upper limit of normal (IULN)
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT)(serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X IULN
Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min by the modified Cockcroft and Gault Formula OR glomerular filtration rate >= 30 mL/min/body surface area (BSA) by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease or Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) formula
Women and men of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria

Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents
Patients with untreated known brain metastases, or treated brain metastases that are clinically unstable
Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
Women known to be pregnant
Women who are breastfeeding and who are unwilling to stop breastfeeding prior to study entry
Patients with known prior human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive status on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible; known prior HIV-positive patients with CD4+ =< 500/mm^3 are ineligible (HIV testing is not required as part of this study)
Pre-existing interstitial lung disease
Inability to take oral medications
Prior therapy with afatinib
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