A Phase I Study of MozobilTM in the Treatment of Patients With WHIMS

  • End date
    Dec 31, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Updated on 10 October 2022
cervical cap
bone marrow transplant
white blood cell count
granulocyte colony stimulating factor
HIV Infection
colony stimulating factor
neutrophil count
pulmonary function tests
human papillomavirus
immune globulin
severe infection
aspermatogenic sterility


  • WHIMS (Warts, Hypogammaglobulinemia, Infections, and Myelokathexis Syndrome) is caused by various genetic changes that increase the activity of the chemokine receptor, CXCR4. Excessive function of this receptor causes mature neutrophils (part of the white blood cells) to be retained within the bone marrow rather than being released to the blood and is one of the causes of severe inherited neutropenia (low white blood counts). In neutropenia, the body is less able to fight off infection. Patients with WHIMS usually are at risk for skin, soft tissue, sinus, and lung infections, which can result in loss of hearing, teeth, and lung function.
  • Current treatment for WHIMS consists of regular injections of a white blood cell growth stimulating medication called granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), and supplemental immunoglobulin (antibody). These therapies are expensive, nonspecific, have significant side effects and toxicities, and do not fully correct all problems, especially warts and cancers related to human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • A drug called Mozobil has been approved for use in combination with G-CSF to increase the number of stem cells that can be collected prior to bone marrow transplantation. Mozobil may offer a specific and well-tolerated new treatment for WHIMS and other syndromes characterized by neutropenia.
  • To evaluate whether Mozobil is safe and effective to treat neutropenia (low white blood cell count) in patients with WHIMS.
  • To determine an appropriate treatment dose of Mozobil, within currently approved dosage levels.
  • Individuals between 18 and 75 years of age who have been diagnosed with WHIMS and have a history of severe infections.
  • Potential participants will undergo a screening with a medical history, physical examination, questionnaire, heart and lung function scans, and blood and urine samples. Tests will also be done for hepatitis B and C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), as well as to check neutrophil function.
  • Patients who are being treated with G-CSF will stop injections for 2 days before being admitted to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center.
  • Patients may participate in a Dose Escalation study and receive increasing doses of Mozobil over 5 days of treatment until their white blood cell count improves sufficiently or the maximum approved dose is reached. Blood samples will be taken regularly throughout the treatment process. Patients will then receive an additional dose of Mozobil at the maximum approved dose or the dose sufficient to cause improvement, before restarting the G-CSF injections.
  • Patients may also participate in a long-term Chronic Dosing study and receive Mozobil once or twice a day for up to a maximum of 60 months.


Mozobil (TM) (plerixafor injection, Genzyme/Sanofi) is a Food and Drug Administration approved medication to mobilize CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells prior to apheresis and use in autologous transplantation in non-Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma when used in conjunction with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). The drug s mechanism of action is the specific and reversible inhibition of the chemokine receptor, CXCR4, expressed on CD34+ cells and other leukocytes. This inhibition interferes with the binding of stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1), which is constitutively expressed on bone marrow stromal cells and appears to cause direct and indirect cellular adhesive interactions. Severe congenital neutropenia is a rare inherited disorder in which the affected individuals develop chronic or cyclical neutropenia with circulating counts below 500 cells/microliter blood. This disorder may result from a variety of genetic defects in progenitor- or neutrophil-expressed genes such as elastase, CXCR4, G6PC3, etc. Myelokathexis is the abnormal retention of mature leukocytes in the bone marrow and is seen in some types of severe chronic neutropenia such as warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections, and myelokathexis syndrome (WHIMS). WHIMS is a rare primary immunodeficiency, which is known to be caused by mutations that enhance CXCR4 signaling. Our hypothesis is that Mozobil(TM) can be used safely to partially block CXCR4 and treat neutropenia resulting from myelokathexis at doses considerably lower than that being used for CD34+ cell mobilization. This new treatment could also improve other aspects of the disease such as frequent infections, warts, and hypogammaglobulinemia. To test this hypothesis, we propose this trial of Mozobil (TM) in adults with WHIMS, examining safety and absolute neutrophil count as the primary endpoint. Mozobil (TM) is injected subcutaneously and will be injected via syringes (up to 84 months) or via an infusion pump (pilot trial of up to 5 subjects for a 12-month period).

Condition Leukopenia, Neutropenia, Infections, Warts, Myelokathexis
Treatment Mozobil (TM)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00967785
SponsorNational Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Last Modified on10 October 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

All of the following inclusion criteria must be met for a subject to be enrolled in this
Clinical diagnosis of WHIMS and documented severe infection
Must be greater than or equal to 18 and less than or equal to 75 years of age
Willingness to interrupt medications to raise the white count (WBC) such as G-CSF or
GM-CSF for at least 2 days before and while on the study drug
Must not be pregnant or breastfeeding
Must have a personal physician
Must be willing to provide blood, plasma, serum, and DNA samples for storage
Subjects must agree not to become pregnant or to impregnate a female. If of
childbearing potential, must agree to consistently use two types of contraception
Condoms, male or female, with or without a spermicide
throughout study participation. Acceptable forms of contraception include the
Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide
Intrauterine device
Contraceptive pills or patch, Norplant, Depo-Provera or other FDA-approved
contraceptive method
Male partner has previously undergone a vasectomy for which there is
documentation of aspermatogenic sterility

Exclusion Criteria

Absence of a diagnosis of WHIMS
If any of the following exclusion criteria are met, a subject will not be enrolled in this
Patient is less than 18 years old
Absence of a documented history of severe infection
Pregnant women or breastfeeding
History of serious cardiac arrhythmia or cardiac defects that make such more likely
Neutropenia due to maturation defects in the myeloid lineage or that the PI feels is
Signs or symptoms of active microbial infection at the time of study entry
unlikely to benefit from this medication
Unwillingness to undergo testing or procedures associated with this protocol
Renal failure (calculated creatinine clearance [CrCl] <15 mL/min or requiring
Any condition that, in the investigator s opinion, places the patient at undue risk by
participating in the study
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