Adjuvant IFN- for Patients Underwent Curative Surgery for HCC With a Low miR-26 Expression

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  • sponsor
    Fudan University
Updated on 22 January 2021


The purpose of the study is to determine whether interferon-alpha is effective in prevention of tumor recurrence for the patients with a low miR-26 expression in tumor after curative resection of hepatocellular carcinoma.


BACKGROUND: Postoperative interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) therapy improved survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MiR-26 is a predictive marker for the effect of postoperative interferon-alpha treatment in patients with HCC. Our study is to identify the effect of postoperative IFN-alpha treatment in patients with a low miR-26 expression in tumor after resection of HCC.

METHODS: A quantitative RT-PCR assays of miR-26 are performed on specimens which are collected from patients who underwent a curative resection of HCC. These patients with low miR-26 expression will return to the hospital 4 to 6 weeks after the resection following the baseline examination to rule out residual tumor. If all requirements are satisfied, these patients will be randomly assigned to the treatment group who received postoperative IFN-alpha therapy or the control group who will not receive any anti-cancer treatment. Disease-free survival, overall survival, time to recurrence and the side effects will be observed.

Anticipated RESULTS: IFN-alpha treatment improved the disease-free survival in patients with a low miR-26 expression in tumor after curative resection of HCC, probably by inhibiting tumor recurrence.

Treatment interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT01681446
SponsorFudan University
Last Modified on22 January 2021

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