Last updated on December 2019

Eltrombopag for the Treatment of Thrombocytopenia Due to Low- and Intermediate Risk Myelodysplastic Syndromes


Are you eligible to participate in this study?

You may be eligible for this study if you meet the following criteria:

  • Conditions: Thrombocytopenia | MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME | Preleukemia
  • Age: Between 18 - 100 Years
  • Gender: Male or Female

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Adult subjects (18 years of age or older) with low or intermediate-1 IPSS risk MDS and stable disease.
  2. Subjects must have a platelet count taken within the 4 weeks prior to randomization that is <30 Gi/L.
  3. Subjects must be ineligible or relapsed or refractory to receive other treatment options (such as azacitidine or lenalidomide) and must be ineligible to receive intensive chemotherapy or autologous/allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
  4. Subjects must have platelet count and platelet transfusion data available over a period of 8 weeks prior to randomization.
  5. During the 2 months prior to randomization, subjects must have a baseline Bone Marrow examination which includes cytomorphology and cytogenetics. Histopathology should be performed.
  6. Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in anemic subjects or granulocyte colonystimulating factor (G-CSF) in subjects with severe neutropenia and recurrent infections are allowed during the study as per accepted standards. Subjects who enter the study on ESAs or G-CSF should continue at the same dose schedule until the optimal dose of study medication has been established.
  7. ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) Performance Status 0-3
  8. Subject is able to understand and comply with protocol requirements and instructions.
  9. Subject has signed and dated informed consent.
  10. Adequate baseline organ function defined by the criteria below:

total bilirubin (except for Gilbert's Syndrome) 1.5 x Upper Limit Normal Alanine aminotransferase and Aspartate aminotransferase 3 x Upper Limit Normal creatinine 2 x Upper Limit Normal albumin must not be below the lower limit of normal by more than 20%.

11. Subject is practicing an acceptable method of contraception. Female subjects (or female partners of male subjects) must either be of non-childbearing potential (hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubal ligation or post-menopausal >1 year), or of childbearing potential and use of an highly effective method of contraception from 2 weeks prior to administration of study medication, throughout the study, and 28 days after completion or premature discontinuation from the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. MDS with intermediate-2 or high IPSS risk.
  2. History of treatment for cancer other than MDS with systemic chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy within the last 2 years.
  3. History of treatment with romiplostim or other Thrombopoietin receptor agonists.
  4. Pre-existing cardiovascular disease (including congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association Grade III/IV), or arrhythmia known to increase the risk of thromboembolic events (e.g. persistent atrial fibrillation), or subjects with a QTc >450 msec (QTc >480 msec for subjects with Bundle Branch Block).
  5. BM fibrosis that leads to an inability to aspirate marrow for assessment.
  6. Peripheral monocytosis > 1000/uL prior to Day 1 of study medication.
  7. Leukocytosis >=25,000/uL prior to Day 1 of study medication.
  8. Female subjects who are nursing or pregnant (positive serum or urine Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [B-hCG] pregnancy test) at screening or pre-dose on Day 1.
  9. Current alcohol or drug abuse.
  10. Treatment with an Investigational Product within 30 days or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) preceding the first dose of study medication.
  11. Active and uncontrolled infections.
  12. Subjects infected with Hepatitis B, C or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

Recruitment Status: Open


Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team


Volunteer Sign-up

Sign up for our FREE service to receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.