Changes Associated With H. Pylori and Gastric Carcinogenesis (IIT H pylori)

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Apr 14, 2026
  • participants needed
    120
  • sponsor
    Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Updated on 14 July 2022
cancer
endoscopy
gastric cancer
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

This is a research study for patients who currently have or previously had an H. pylori infection or who have gastric or esophageal cancer and who plan to undergo an endoscopy as part of their care. The purpose of this study is to find out how and why H. pylori infections can cause progression to gastric cancer and if it's possible for intervention prior to this progression.

Description

H. pylori infection is a prevalent environmental cause of gastric cancer. The molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis due to H. pylori remain unexplained and consequences of infection are variable and unpredictable. The aim of this research is to examine the RNA transcriptome of gastric cancer mucosa (gastric mucosa is the mucus membrane of the stomach), in patients with H. pylori infection and examine the spectrum of disease associated with infection. We will also examine bacterial content of samples to pinpoint the specific H. pylori strain(s) and the stomach microbial profile to correlate with the gastric mucosal transcriptome and predisposition of gastric cancer. Patients with prior or current active H. pylori infection who are planning to under endoscopic evaluation will be eligible for participation. From these patients, we plan to take up to four additional biopsies from each area of stomach already being sampled.

The biopsies will be used for next-generation RNA and DNA sequencing and novel bioinformatics analyses. The analysis will be performed at Weill Cornell Medical College by Doron Betel, PhD. The sequencing will be performed in the Epigenetics Core laboratory under the supervision of Doron Betel, who will be working closely with the principal investigator, Manish A. Shah, M.D. Examination of the genetic impact of H. pylori infection in patients may expose genetic factors that influence gastric cancer carcinogenesis and give deeper insight into molecular pathways that serve as candidate biomarkers for gastric cancer carcinogenesis. Our goal is to distinguish patients with chronic H. pylori infection who are at risk of subsequently developing gastric cancer from the vast majority of patients with H. pylori infection who do not develop malignancy.

Details
Condition Bacterial Infection Due to Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori)
Treatment Endoscopy tissue collection
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02164409
SponsorWeill Medical College of Cornell University
Last Modified on14 July 2022

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patient must be 18 years or older
Patient must have active or prior H. pylori infection, or have been treated for H.pylori infection in the past, as assessed by ELISA (not applicable for the subset of patient controls) or have gastric or esophageal cancer or have Barrett's Esophagus
Patients must be eligible for and are planning to undergo a routine upper endoscopy and tissue biopsy
Patients must sign informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Prior history of upper GI bleed (within 3 months)
Bleeding disorder or coagulopathy
Recent stroke or myocardial infarction (within 3 months)
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

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