Cognitive Behavior Therapy vs Exposure in Vivo in the Treatment of Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 26, 2022
  • participants needed
    250
  • sponsor
    Ruhr University of Bochum
Updated on 26 January 2021

Summary

Panic disorder with agoraphobia is a prevalent and one of the most handicapping anxiety disorders. Although the efficacy of psychological treatment for panic disorder with agoraphobia has been the subject of a great deal of research, studies comparing cognitive-behavioral therapy and exposure in vivo have regularly been underpowered to detect small to moderate differences. Therefore, the primary purpose of the present study is to investigate if the combination of cognitive techniques with exposure in vivo is superior to the effects of exposure alone for patients with moderate to severe agoraphobia.

Description

Anxiety disorders are the most common group of mental illnesses, with lifetime prevalence estimates ranging between 10-30% (Kessler et al 2007). They are an economic burden on society and the sixth largest cause of disability globally (Baxter et al 2014; Fineberg et al 2013). Suffering from an anxiety disorder is distressing, with affected individuals reporting adverse effects on quality of life comparable to sufferers of major depressive disorder, and in excess of the population norm (Mendlowicz and Stein 2000). Panic disorder with agoraphobia is especially prevalent and one of the most handicapping anxiety disorders.

Although the efficacy of psychological treatment for panic disorder with agoraphobia has been the subject of a great deal of research (Sanchez-Meca, Rosa-Alcazar, Marin-Martinez & Gomez-Conesa, 2010), studies comparing cognitive-behavioral therapy and exposure in vivo have regularly been underpowered to detect small to moderate differences.

Therefore, the primary purpose of the present study is to investigate if the combination of cognitive techniques with exposure in vivo is superior to the effects of exposure alone for patients with moderate to severe agoraphobia. Participants suffering from panic disorder, agoraphobia receive exposure-based treatment with elements of cognitive restructuring (CBT-group) or without such elements (Exposure-only group) delivered according to treatment manuals and in individual sessions with a maximum of 30 sessions 50 minutes. Both treatments cover psychoeducation on the nature of anxiety and panic, interoceptive and intensified situational exposure exercises. In the CBT group identification and correction of maladaptive thoughts about anxiety and its consequences is furthermore part of the treatment package.

Details
Condition Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia
Treatment Cognitive behavior therapy, Exposure in-vivo
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT01680237
SponsorRuhr University of Bochum
Last Modified on26 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of panic disorder with agoraphobia by trained clinician using a structured interview
The anxiety disorder is considered to be the patient's main current problem
Age between 18 and 65 years
The patient has agreed to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria

Diagnosis of bipolar disorder, psychotic disorder, alcohol/substance abuse or dependency (within past 3 months), prominent risk of self-harm, organic mental disorder; concurrent psychotherapeutic or psychopharmacological treatment
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a study center
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact

site

0/250

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note