Last updated on January 2019

Systematic Transplantectomy Versus Conventional Care After Kidney Graft Failure

Brief description of study

Our hypothesis is early and systematic transplantectomy under a well-conducted immunosuppression is associated with a decreased risk of anti-HLA immunization against a conservative attitude including a gradual reduction of immunosuppression, with or without a transplantectomy performed for cause (clinical event).

Observation or Investigation Method Used :

The study is :

  • multicenter
  • prospective
  • open
  • randomized: patients are divided into two parallel groups:
  • study group: transplantectomy within six weeks after return to dialysis, antiproliferatives stop at the start of dialysis, Maintenance anticalcineurin-based-immunosuppression without dose reduction up to two weeks after transplantectomy. Abrupt discontinuation of anticalcineurin two weeks after transplantectomy. Corticosteroids: 5mg per day until one month after transplantectomy then stop within one month.
  • control group: No systematic transplantectomy. Antiproliferatives stop at the start of dialysis.Anticalcineurins half dose for 3 months, dose for 3 months and then stop. Corticosteroids:5 mg per day for 6 months, and then tapered and stop within 3 months.

In the case of transplantectomy for cause in the control group, immunosuppression will be continued at the maintenance dose during the current surgical procedure, and withdrawn two weeks later,similary to systematic transplantectomy.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01817504

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