Last updated on February 2018

Cross-reactive Immunity Elicited by Oral and Parenteral Typhoid Vaccines


Brief description of study

In a recent controlled study, the investigators explored cross-reactive immune responses against different Salmonella spp. in healthy volunteers immunized with either the oral (Vivotif ) or parenteral (Typherix) typhoid vaccines (ISRCTN68125331). In the present study immune responses will be studied in a group receiving both of these vaccines and in the previously immunized volunteers after booster immunization (same groups receive same vaccines 2-4 years after primary immunization).

Detailed Study Description

Many Salmonella spp causing gastroenteritis share O antigen serotypes with Salmonella enteritidis subsp. enterica serovar Typhi (S.typhi) and could therefore be in 'reach' of the protective efficacy of the oral live typhoid fever vaccine Vivotif. Some of these Salmonellae are common causes of diarrhoea in travellers (0-30% of travellers diarrhea depending on the area). In a recent controlled study, the investigators showed that a cross-reactive immune response is elicited against different Salmonella spp. in healthy volunteers immunized with either the oral (Vivotif ) or parenteral (Typherix) typhoid vaccines (ISRCTN68125331).

In the present study immune responses will be studied in a group receiving both of these vaccines and in previously immunized volunteers after booster immunization (same groups receive same vaccines 2-4 years after primary immunization; groups: Vivotif / Typherix / Vivotif + Typherix). The results are compared to those obtained after primary immunization.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02121145

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