PICO Above Incisions After Vascular Surgery

  • End date
    Dec 15, 2024
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    Skane University Hospital
Updated on 15 May 2022
negative pressure wound therapy
wound infection


The wound infection rate in the groin after vascular surgery has been denoted to be high since the wound surveillance register started in 2005. The current wound infection rate based on a validation study was 22.9% (24/105 patients with groin incision(s) between 1 March to 30 June in 2012). This randomized controlled trial aims to evaluate if negative pressure wound therapy on closed inguinal incisions (INPWT) after vascular surgical procedures can reduce the risk for surgical site infections and other wound complications.


As published in the study´s rational and design paper (DOI: 10.4236/ss.2015.612080), we conducted a reanalysis of the material that the original power calculation was based on and included elective cases only which led to a slightly different number of cases needed. Furthermore, it became clear that there were big differences in the infection rates of EVAR (endovascular aortic repair) and open vascular procedures and therefore the need to split the study into two arms, an EVAR arm and an OPEN arm.

To prove a significant effect of the treatment intervention in the EVAR arm with a wound infection rate reduction from previously 4.4% to 1%, 80% power, 5% significance level and Including a margin for loss to follow-up, the EVAR arm requires 497 inguinal incisions. Assuming a surgical site infection rate reduction from 30% to 10% in the OPEN arm of the study, 80% power and 5% significance level, a total of 147 inguinal incisions is required.

We conducted an unannounced interim analysis for a conference presentation that was conducted by the study's principal investigators Stefan Acosta and Julien Hasselmann. Staff in charge of the day-to-day activities of the trial were not involved or actively informed of this. We believe that using an objective wound assessment tool (ASEPSIS score) minimizes any potential bias associated with the interim analysis.

Since the vascular center Malmö has started using closure-devices for almost all EVAR cases and thereby creating virtually no wounds to assess, we have started a multi center extension of the EVAR arm to Örebro University Hospital to be able to include the outstanding cases.


The trial has been funded by public Swedish funds stemming from the Southmost region in Sweden (Region Skåne), the Skåne University Hospital and the Hulda Almroth foundation since 2015 and adds up to a total of 2.81 million SEK (about 311,000 USD). In addition the research group received an unrestricted unconditional research grant of 15,550 USD and a donation of 100 PICO dressing kits from Smith and Nephew in 2013.

ALF (Agreement on medical education and research) funding has been granted for the time period 2019 - 2022 but has not yet been defined monetarily.

Condition Wound, Infection
Treatment Negative pressure wound therapy with PICO (Smith & Nephew)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT01913132
SponsorSkane University Hospital
Last Modified on15 May 2022


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Patients 18 years of age and above
Elective vascular surgery
Inguinal incision (transverse or longitudinal)
Capable of understanding the study information and giving written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria

Emergency surgery
Ongoing infection in inguinal area
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