Last updated on March 2018

Autologous Stem Cell Systemic Sclerosis Immune Suppression Trial


Brief description of study

ASSIST I was the first randomized trial in patients with scleroderma to not just slow disease progression but rather actually reverse it. It is the first treatment to have ever demonstrated reversal of lung disease in scleroderma with improvement in FVC, total lung capacity (TLC), high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and QOL. We now, therefore, purpose to compare the ASSIST I conditioning regimen of cyclophosphamide and rATG to a less intense regimen of rATG/cyclophosphamide/Fludarabine. In the new regimen the cyclophosphamide dose is decreased to 120mg/kg (60mg/kg/day x 2) compared to 200mg/kg (50mg/kg/day) in the standard regimen. The lower dose of cyclophosphamide will be less cardiotoxic. This study will determine if the less cardiotoxic regimen will be safer than the standard regimen and as effective as the standard regimen.

Detailed Study Description

Mobilization. For patients in both arms undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) will be mobilized with cyclophosphamide (2 g/m2) followed by 5-10 mcg/kg subcutaneous filgrastrim daily from day 5 until completion of apheresis. Mobilized hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) will be collected by apheresis on day 10 and cryopreserved without selection or manipulation. There will be an interval of at least 17 days between mobilization of PBSC and start of conditioning regimen.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01445821

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Northwestern University

Chicago, IL United States
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Recruitment Status: Open


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