Last updated on February 2018

Cyclosporine A in Patients With Small Diameter Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Brief description of study

Aneurysms of the aorta are dilatations of the main artery in the body that distributes blood to organs. Aneurysms expose patients to aortic rupture. The risk of aortic rupture is high for large aneurysms, and low for small aneurysms. Currently, if the diameter of a small aneurysm grows up to a level at risk for rupture, surgery is indicated to prevent rupture. A drug that would stop growth of small aneurysms would obviate aortic surgery, the current treatment to prevent aortic rupture in patients. The ACA4 study aims at testing the possibility to stop growth of small aortic aneurysms in the abdomen with a drug, cyclosporine

  1. Patients with small aneurysms will receive cyclosporine A orally, or a placebo (fake liquid), every day during a short period of time. Efficacy of the drug will be evaluated by measuring the diameter of the aneurysm during 2 years after treatment cessation. Drug safety analysis will evaluate the impact of the drug on renal function, blood pressure, and other parameters. In case of adverse event during the drug administration phase, dose of the drug or of the placebo will be decreased or administration stopped.

Detailed Study Description

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) expose patients to death caused by aortic rupture. Although screening of AAAs has been shown to decrease AAA-related mortality, translation into medical practice of screening is limited because there is no specific treatment to limit growth of AAAs below diameter thresholds for open surgery or stent graft. We have developed different approaches aimed at inducing healing and thereby stabilizing formed AAAs in animal models. We have identified TGF-beat1 as an inducer of experimental AAA healing. Cyclosporine A is an inducer of tumor growth factor - beta1 (TGF-beta1) in experimental AAAs and in human atherosclerotic AAAs in vitro, causing overgrowth of inflamed tissues. Since AAAs are caused by aortic wall atrophy, we have hypothesised and confirmed in animals, that cyclosporine AAA, when administrated during a short period of time, durably stabilizes small AAA diameter in animals, while inducing aortic wall reconstruction and healing.

The clinical trial ACA4 is a multicentric randomized, placebo controlled, double blind trial that will enrol 360 patients with small AAAs in France. Two doses of cyclosporine A will be tested against a placebo (three arms). Drug administration will be short, and AAA diameter evaluation will be performed for 2 years, by CT-scanner (main outcome) with no contrast, and duplex-scanner.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02225756

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