Last updated on January 2019

Different Surgical Modalities in the Treatment of Periodontitis

Brief description of study

The purpose of the present study is to determine: 1) the efficacy of 2 periodontal surgical procedures, the conservative simplified papilla preservation technique and the more resective open flap debridement with osseous recontouring, in the treatment of chronic periodontitis in terms of clinical, radiographic, microbiological, immunological and PROMs, comparing them to non-surgical subgingival debridement and 2) if possible, determine the surgical procedure which leads to pocket elimination or to the lowest number of residual pockets.

Detailed Study Description

Periodontal diseases (PD) are highly prevalent chronic diseases, and may be associated with loss of gum and bone tissue surrounding the tooth. Among adults (with 2 or more teeth remaining) in England, 54% experienced gum bleeding and 45% had periodontal (gum) disease of which 9% was severe. Bacterial in origin, the high prevalence of PD, together with increased retention of teeth at older ages, has considerable implications for the population's future treatment needs and the associated costs to the health system. It is therefore important to ensure interventions delivered are those proven to be most efficient and cost effective. The investigators study question will therefore be, "In an adult population with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis, how will 3 different treatment approaches; simplified papilla preservation flap (SPPF), resective periodontal flap with osseous recontouring (RPFO) and subgingival debridement (SD), differ in regard to healing and resolution of disease, patient reported outcomes and cost effectiveness?" The aim of this study is to find the most efficient way to treat chronic periodontitis, through a multi-centre randomised, single-blind, parallel- surgical modalities groups (3 groups) clinical trial including 3 sites:: 1. QMUL Institute of Dentistry, Centre for Oral Clinical Research (COCR) as the new sponsor and coordinating centre including overarching custodian responsibilities for samples and data collected. 2. Barts Health NHS Trust Dental Hospital where the trial different surgical modalities will take place going forward for all new patients recruited. 3. UCL Eastman Dental Institute where patients already recruited and completed the trial surgical phase will complete their follow up.

A sufficient number of adults (29 per group) presenting; a total of 87 patients with chronic periodontitis and meeting the necessary inclusion and exclusion criteria will be entered into the trial. Subjects will present to the clinical site for initial screening and enrolment (Baseline Visit). Following enrolment, all participants will attend one visit as preparation for the subsequent study treatments. As part of this session, participants will review how to perform efficient self-care regimes at home to remove plaque biofilm accumulations on a regular basis. At this appointment, they will be randomised to their assigned treatment group and the pending treatment will be discussed with them. Treatment groups will consist of simplified papilla preservation flap (SPPF), resective periodontal flap surgery with osseous recontouring (RPFO), or non-surgical subgingival debridement with local anaesthesia (SD). Treatment will take place within 4 weeks of this preparation visit. Participants will then attend for follow-up visits at 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks post treatment for evaluation of healing, reinforcement of oral hygiene regime, and supra-gingival scale and polish as required. Clinical measurements will be recorded again at 3, 6 and 12 months post treatment. Radiographs will be taken at baseline, and 12 months post treatment. A saliva and plaque sample will be taken at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months post treatment. GCF will be taken at baseline, 2 weeks and 3 months post treatment. Patient reported outcomes will be evaluated at baseline, 1 week, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months post treatment. Use of NHS and private dental and health services will be collected via self-reported patient diaries distributed at the first intervention appointment, and 3, 6 and 9 months post intervention. Supportive periodontal maintenance visits will be carried out every 3 months for the duration of the study to maintain optimal oral health through monitoring of oral hygiene routine and supra and subgingival scaling and polish as required. A dental prophylaxis will be performed at the end of the study and the study termination form will be completed.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01642641

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