Last updated on March 2019

Radiation Therapy Gemcitabine Hydrochloride and Cisplatin in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Cancer of the Vulva


Brief description of study

This phase II trial studies how well radiation therapy works when given with gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin work in treating patients with squamous cell cancer of the vulva that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes. Specialized radiation therapy that delivers a high dose of radiation directly to the tumor may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving radiation therapy together with gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin may kill more tumor cells.

Detailed Study Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the efficacy of cisplatin, gemcitabine (gemcitabine hydrochloride), and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in achieving a complete pathologic response when used for the primary treatment of locally-advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the efficacy of cisplatin, gemcitabine, and IMRT in achieving a complete clinical response when used for the primary treatment of locally-advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva.

II. To determine the vulvar progression-free survival and groin progression-free survival in women treated with cisplatin, gemcitabine and IMRT for locally advanced vulvar carcinoma.

III. To determine the toxicity and surgical morbidity of the combined modality approach of cisplatin, gemcitabine and IMRT followed by reduced-scope surgery for the treatment of locally-advanced vulvar carcinoma.

OUTLINE

Patients undergo IMRT 5 days a week for 6 weeks. Patients also receive gemcitabine hydrochloride intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes and cisplatin IV over 60 minutes weekly for 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 6-8 weeks after completion of chemoradiation patients undergo local core biopsy to confirm response or surgical excision of gross residual disease in the vulva and/or inguinal-femoral lymph nodes.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01595061

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