Last updated on February 2019

Bariatric Lap Band Surgery as a Treatment for Knee Osteoarthritis

Brief description of study

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate laparoscopic gastric banding (LAGB) surgery as a treatment option for obese patients with pain from knee osteoarthritis (KOA) refractory to medical treatment. The primary outcome will be the reduction in OA-related pain and disability after LAGB.

Detailed Study Description

This is a pilot study of 15 (may need to consent/screen 30 patients to have 15 enrolled) obese patients (BMI 30-40) with painful knee osteoarthritis. Although prior studies have reported musculoskeletal secondary outcomes following various types of bariatric surgery, investigators propose the evaluation of laparoscopic gastric banding (LAGB) to treat a cohort of patients with moderate to severe knee osteoarthritis.

Once eligible patients are identified by rheumatologists and/or bariatric team and consented for the study, they will have bilateral knee radiographs (standard of care) to ensure they have a sufficient degree of OA. Patients will then be referred to the bariatric surgeons, who will then confirm the patients' interest, understanding and suitability for the LAGB surgery which is a FDA approved procedurefor patients with a BMI >30 and at least one obesity-related comorbidity (including knee OA)37. It is the application of this approved procedure that constitutes the research question should LAGB surgery be considered as a treatment option to improve pain and physical disability in patients with knee OA? During the pre-operative process patients will be given study questionnaires to evaluate knee pain and function, have a musculoskeletal exam and blood/urine will be collected.These procedures will be repeated at post-operative intervals to track response of the knees to the LAGB.

The primary outcome measure is improvement in OA-related knee pain and physical disability. Improvement of pain and function will be defined by changes in the VAS, WOMAC, AORC and KOOS scores. The degree of improvement required to qualify as such will be described in the methods sections below.

Secondary outcome measures include (1) radiographic evidence of OA progression or worsening despite the LABG, (2) weight loss, and (3) reduction or discontinuation of pain medication.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT02272218

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