Pancreas Registry and High Risk Registry

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Feb 7, 2022
  • participants needed
    500
  • sponsor
    Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Updated on 7 June 2021
cancer
cyst
BRCA1
ATM
BRCA2
environmental exposures
pancreatitis
palb2
pdac
disease or disorder
hnpcc
intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas
hereditary pancreatitis

Summary

The purpose of this study is to establish a registry of patients with pancreatic diseases. Patients included in the registry may include those with: pancreatic cancer, precancerous lesions of the pancreas, inflammatory lesions of the pancreas, cystic lesions of the pancreas, and patients at high-risk of pancreatic cancer such as those with a family history of pancreatic cancer or with a family history of a syndrome known to be associated with pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of death from cancer in the United States. However, little is known about the development of pancreatic cancer and pancreatic diseases in individuals with the above conditions. Knowledge of how family history, environmental exposures, and inflammatory lesion of the pancreas contribute to the development of pancreatic cancer and pancreatic diseases is essential.

You may qualify to take part in this research study because you have inflammation in the pancreas, a pancreatic cyst, pre-cancerous lesions of the pancreas, pancreatic cancer, a family history of pancreatic cancer, or a family history of a syndrome known to be associated with pancreatic cancer.

We will also be collecting a blood sample from all participants for DNA isolation. Sometimes we are born with genes or DNA that give us an increased or decreased chance of developing an illness later in life. Genetic material will be isolated from your blood for further study. You may also choose to provide additional blood samples for serum and plasma extraction. Serum and plasma are components of the blood which can be used to measure indicators of disease in the blood, called biomarkers,for pancreatic diseases. Clinical data and biological specimens contained in this study may be used for a wide variety of future related studies to the cause, diagnosis, outcome and treatment of pancreatic cancer.

Funds for conducting this research are provided by Mount Sinai.

Description

The overall purpose of this research project is to establish a registry of patients with pancreatic diseases. Patients included in the registry may include those with: pancreatic cancer, precancerous lesions of the pancreas such as intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) and cystic lesions, inflammatory lesions and inflammation of the pancreas, and patients at high-risk of pancreatic cancer such as those with a family history of pancreatic cancer or with a family history of a syndrome known to be associated with pancreatic cancer. The data contained in this registry will be used to conduct research related to the risk of pancreatic cancer and pancreatic diseases. As this is a registry protocol, no specific hypotheses are to be tested.

Specific Aims:

  1. Establish and maintain a registry of individuals and their family members who have pancreatic diseases and may be at increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer over normal population risk.
  2. Collect data and review existing data on personal and family histories, demographics, risk factors, and health behaviors.
  3. Use the data in the registry to conduct studies related to disease risk, prevention, and prognosis of pancreatic cancer and other pancreatic diseases.

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of death from malignancy in the United States. With near equivalent incidence and mortality, cure can only be achieved with surgical resection of an early stage lesion. Premalignant disease stages, such as IPMN, may be detected with noninvasive and minimally invasive techniques, providing an opportunity for screening and surveillance of at-risk populations.

Knowledge of the etiology of pancreatic cancer is incomplete. Approximately 10% of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has a hereditary component, and screening this population has the potential to have an impact on disease mortality. Certain patient populations, such as those with hereditary pancreatitis, Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, familial atypical multiple mole melanoma (FAMMM syndrome), Lynch syndrome, and the breast ovarian cancer syndrome (BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations) are at the highest risk of PDAC. BRCA2 mutations are the most commonly identified germline mutations in families with PDAC. Even a family history of PDAC without the above described syndromes has been shown to increase risk, suggesting a unique familial pancreatic cancer syndrome which may be related to the partner and localizer of BRCA2 (PALB2) gene or other PDAC susceptibility genes. Environmental risk factors, such as cigarette smoking, diabetes, obesity and dietary risk factors have been implicated in the development of PDAC.

A sequential model of acquisition of somatic mutations via a Pancreatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PanIN) has been proposed for the development of PDAC and subsequent metastases. However, others have proposed that the metastatic process may be initiated earlier in the disease process during the pre-malignant cyst or PanIN phase. This may in part account for the fact that the overwhelming majority of patients diagnosed with PDAC are diagnosed when the lesion is already metastatic.

Several groups have instituted PDAC screening for individuals at high-risk of PDAC. These groups have demonstrated the feasibility of detection of PDAC and pre-malignant lesions in certain high-risk individuals. Given the large gaps in knowledge, recruitment of patients with preneoplastic pancreatic diseases to registries is essential in the development of effective PDAC screening and prevention programs.

As an increasing number of patients undergo cross-sectional imaging with the abdomen with cat scan (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), an increasing number of patients are found to have pancreatic disease and pancreatic cysts. While there is an increased risk of pancreatic cancer with these lesions, the studies to date are small and retrospective.

Details
Condition Pancreatic Cancer, Pancreatitis, Mutation, Pancreatic disorder, Pancreatic Cyst, Cyst, Chronic pancreatitis, Pancreatic Disorders, Family History of Pancreas Cancer, Islet Ce417ll Cancer, cancer of the pancreas, pancreatic cancers, cancer, pancreatic, pancreatic cysts
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02775461
SponsorIcahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Last Modified on7 June 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

close family members (at least 1 first degree relative) affected with Pancreatic cancer
Any of (BRCA1, BRCA2, PALB2, ATM) mutations + 1 family member with Pancreatic Cancer
mFAMMM (p16,CDKN2A mutations) + 1 family member with Pancreatic cancer
Known mutation carrier for STK11 (Peutz Jeghers Syndrome)
Lynch syndrome (HNPCC) + 1 family PDAC
Known mutation carrier for Hereditary pancreatitis
Individuals with a history of pancreatic cyst(s) (IPMN's) that measure 1 cm

Exclusion Criteria

Patients who do not speak English or Spanish
Refusal by patient
Individuals under the age of 18 years
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Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

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If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

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