Last updated on February 2018

Paclitaxel Albumin-Stabilized Nanoparticle Formulation and Carboplatin Followed By Chemoradiation in Treating Patients With Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer


Brief description of study

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation when given together with carboplatin followed by chemoradiation in treating patients with recurrent head and neck cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation, carboplatin, fluorouracil, and hydroxyurea, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation followed by chemoradiation therapy may be an effective treatment for head and neck cancer.

Detailed Study Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose limiting toxicity (DLT) of nab-paclitaxel (paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation) when given in combination with FHX (5 fluorouracil [fluorouracil], hydroxyurea and twice daily radiation, in good induction responders) and of nab-paclitaxel added to hypofractionated radiotherapy for poor responders.

II. To explore the feasibility of a more rapid palliative chemoradiotherapy approach inpatients with refractory disease as demonstrated by failure to respond to initial chemotherapy.

III. To explore the role of induction chemotherapy as a predictive tool for definitive head and neck cancer management of previously treated patients.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Progression-free survival (PFS) (time to disease progression or death from any cause) on both study arms.

II. Overall survival and response rates in both arms.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the correlation of secreted protein, acidic, cysteine-rich (SPARC) expression in head and neck cancer and response to therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation.

RE-INDUCTION THERAPY (WEEKS 1-6): Patients receive paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving good response undergo surgical resection and proceed to chemoradiation within 4-6 weeks.

AFHX REGIMEN: Patients achieving response to re-induction therapy receive hydroxyurea orally (PO) every 12 hours for 6 days (11 doses) beginning on day 0, fluorouracil IV continuously over 120 hours beginning on day 0, and paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Patients also undergo radiation therapy twice daily (BID) on days 1-5. Courses repeat every 14 days for 5 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PACLITAXEL + RADIATION (AXX) REGIMEN: Patients not achieving response to re-induction therapy receive paclitaxel albumin-stabilized nanoparticle formulation IV and undergo hypofractionated radiation therapy on day 1. Courses repeat every 7 days for 5 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up monthly for 3 months, every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, and then yearly thereafter.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01847326

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Recruitment Status: Open


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