Last updated on February 2019

The Effect of Fluid Resuscitation With 0.9% Sodium Chloride Versus Balanced Crystalloid Solution on Renal Function of Sepsis Patients

Brief description of study

The high chloride content of 0.9%sodium chloride (0.9%NaCl) leads to adverse pathophysiological effects in both animals and healthy human volunteers. Small randomized trials confirm that the hyperchloremic acidosis induced by 0.9%NaCl also occurs in patients. A strong signal is emerging from recent large propensity-matched and cohort studies for the adverse effects that 0.9% NaCl has on the clinical outcome in surgical and critically ill patients when compared with balanced crystalloids. Major complications are the increased incidences of acute kidney injury and the need for renal replacement therapy, and that pathological hyperchloremia may increase postoperative mortality.

Fluid resuscitation with 0.9% NaCl in animals with sepsis resulted in hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, worsened AKI, and increased mortality when compared with resuscitation with a balanced crystalloid solution.

Furthermore, hyperchloremic acidosis also resulted in increased concentrations of circulating inflammatory mediators in an experimental model of severe sepsis in rats, with a dose-dependent increase in circulating interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-a, and interleukin-10 concentrations with increasing acidosis.

Thus, in this study, investigators compared the effects of a balanced crystalloid solution with 0.9% NaCl on the renal function in severe sepsis/septic shock patients. Investigators hypothesized that balanced crystalloid solution resuscitation would decrease AKI incidence and severity and would improve immunomodulatory effect when compared with 0.9% NaCl resuscitation.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03277677

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