Last updated on March 2019

Immunotherapy by Nivolumab for HIV+ Patients

Brief description of study

Two Phase III trials showed superiority in terms of efficacy and tolerance of nivolumab in second-line treatment compared to docetaxel in metastatic NSCLC in the general population, so it is important to evaluate this treatment in PLWHIV (Patient Living With HIV) in maximum security conditions, taking into account their specificities and complex underlying immunological status. As NSCLC in PLWHIV is a rare tumour, a phase 2 trial, using DCR (Disease Control Rate) data, would be able to recruit a sufficient number of patients, in a reasonable period of time, to provide a proof of concept of the safety and efficacy of nivolumab in this population. Therefore, we think that an open-label, one arm phase 2 trial, with a rapid accrual, would be currently a crucial approach and a window of opportunity to explore whether nivolumab could find its place in PLWHIV with NSCLC. Such a trial is typically a trial for an academic sponsor, experienced in PLWHIV with NSCLC, which previously showed its ability to recruit patients with such a rare disease as the IFCT did with the IFCT-1001 CHIVA trial, testing carboplatin plus pemetrexed followed by pemetrexed.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03304093

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