Last updated on February 2018

Nasal Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation(NIPPV) vs Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for Respiratory Distress Syndrome


Brief description of study

In the past, several studies have compared the effects between nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation(NIPPV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure(NCPAP) on the incidence of intubation in preterm infants, and the results were inconsistent.The purpose of the present study was to compare NIPPV with NCPAP on the need for endotracheal ventilation and subsequent complications

Detailed Study Description

To this day, early use of noninvasive respiratory support strategies has been suggested to be the most effective pathway to reduce those risks. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) and nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) are two widely used ways of noninvasive ventilation strategies in preterm infant. As compared with invasive ventilation, NCPAP reduces the risks abnormal neurodevelopment. However, there is only 60% success rate of avoiding intubation in the preterm neonate supported with NCPAP. Supplying with an intermittent peak pressure on NCPAP, NIPPV is considered as a strengthened version of NCPAP with increased flow delivery in the upper airway, increased minute volume and functional residual capacity and recruitment of collapsed alveoli, improved stability of the chest wall and reduced asynchrony of thoraco-abdominal movement,which have been proven to be crucial to decrease the incidences of invasive ventilation and death. However, studies have compared the effects between nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation(NIPPV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure(NCPAP) on the incidence of intubation in preterm infants, and the results were inconsistent.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03226977

Contact Investigators or Research Sites near you

Start Over

Recruitment Status: Open


Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team


Receive Emails About New Clinical Trials!

Sign up for our FREE service to receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.