Last updated on October 2018

A Strategy to Improve Success of Treatment Discontinuation in Buprenorphine Responders


Brief description of study

This study is an open--label randomized outpatient trial to evaluate feasibility and efficacy of rapid buprenorphine (BUP) discontinuation followed by brief course of treatment with long--acting naltrexone (XR--NTX) and to compare it to the standard method of gradual BUP taper.Individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) (N=60) who have successfully completed at least 6 months of buprenorphine treatment and do not wish to remain in a long--term buprenorphine maintenance program will be recruited. The first phase includes a 4--week period of stabilization on buprenorphine 4--8 mg at the research clinic to assure that patients are stable, compliant, and free from illicit opioids. Participants that meet the above criteria will be randomized 1:1 to: 1) buprenorphine discontinuation and outpatient transition to XR--NTX with 3 monthly injections, or 2) buprenorphine discontinuation using a gradual 5-week long taper. In both groups participants will receive weekly relapse prevention therapy and will be monitored for the duration of the trial, which is 25 weeks post randomization.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03232346

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