Last updated on February 2018

Clinical Study for Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Total Endovascular Aortic Arch Repair

Brief description of study

Aortic disease is a kind of cardiovascular diseases with very high mortality rate and high risk of surgical treatment. At present, the surgical and endovascular treatment for diseases in the ascending aorta, descending aorta and abdominal aorta are becoming more and more mature. However, due to the complexity of the aortic arch in anatomy, function and pathological changes, the optimal treatment strategy for diseases in the aortic arch has been controversial constantly.

This research is a multi-center(four centers), prospective, controlled, large-scale (about 400 subjects) clinical study, using traditional thoracic surgery of aortic arch disease as a control to verify that new techniques for endovascular treatment is not inferior to traditional thoracic surgery in terms of efficiency and safety.

Further more, the investigators plan to explore the indications of the application of these new techniques, develop a better diagnosis and treatment program, reduce the risk of such surgical treatment and the incidence of complications, improve clinical efficacy and the overall quality of the disease.

Detailed Study Description

The subjects in this study are patients with aortic arch disease, after scientific assessment made by the team with wide experience in aortic open surgery and endovascular treatment, who are able to both withstand traditional total aortic arch replacement (TAR) and are suitable for complete thoracic endovascular aortic repair (cTEVAR) in terms of anatomical structure. According to the requirement of statistical analysis, more than 400 patients would be enrolled in the four centers (Fuwai Hospital, Peking University People's Hospital, China-Japan Friendship Hospital and Beijing Hospital) within 2 years. Combined the actual situation of the patients, subjects would be divided into TAR and cTEVAR groups. During the study, the investigators would collect the data including blood and biochemical indexes, complications, aortic CT examination, surgical procedure, and the follow-up information in discharge, one month after surgery, six months after surgery and twelve months after surgery.

The primary endpoint of this study is one-year treatment success, which means there are no death within 30 days after surgery, no adverse cardiovascular and no cerebrovascular events and no re-operative intervention associated with aorta occurred during the 1-year follow-up period. Secondary endpoints include the occurrence of postoperative leaks, occlusion, stenosis and thrombosis of aortic arch branches, the incidence of device-related adverse events, and the incidence of other serious complications. This study uses the primary endpoint as a measure of efficacy, and the secondary endpoint as a measure of safety for both treatment methods. The primary analysis of collected data would be based on intention-to-treat (ITT) principle, and all enrolled patients would be included in the final analysis.

The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel (CMH) chi square analysis for adjusting center effects will be used for comparisons of major indicators, estimating differences in success rates and their 95% confidence intervals in two groups. If the lower limit of the 95% Confidence Interval (CI) of the difference in success rate between the test group and control group exceeds the pre-established non-inferiority cutoff, the endovascular treatment can be considered to be as effective as traditional open surgery. The significance level for all statistical tests is 5%, and the statistical analysis software is Statistics Analysis System (SAS) 9.3.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03347812

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