Last updated on July 2019

Inhaled Steroids for Pediatric Asthma at Pediatric Emergency Medicine Discharge

Brief description of study

This study evaluates the initiation of inhaled corticosteroids upon discharge from the pediatric emergency room in children under 18 presenting with asthma exacerbation. Half of the patients will receive a prescription for inhaled corticosteroids in addition to standard care, and half of the patients will receive standard card alone.

Detailed Study Description

The primary objective is to determine the effect of prescribing inhaled corticosteroids in addition to short acting beta agonists and oral corticosteroids (if indicated) from the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) on relapse rates within 28 days. Secondary objectives include the effect of this intervention on hospitalization rates and asthma quality of life within the study period.

Selection criteria include patients aged 18 years presenting with a chief complaint consistent with asthma exacerbation with previous diagnosis of asthma by a physician OR one major in the Asthma Predictive Index (API) with two prior episodes of wheezing in the past year. Children who received oral corticosteroids as part of treatment during this visit for acute asthma exacerbation and deemed well enough after interventions to be discharged by the treating physician will be approached for enrollment. Exclusion criteria include patients who received asthma controller medications within four weeks prior to presentation or an allergy to intervention asthma controller mediations.

Patients will be randomized using a random number generator to the intervention group, or standard care (control) group in a 1:1 ratio. Patients assigned to the intervention group will be subject to initiation of an asthma controller medication upon discharge. The intervention group will receive a one-month supply of a low-dose inhaled corticosteroid from the PED. Patients <5 years of age or patients who prefer nebulized medications will receive a one month supply of low dose Pulmicort (budesonide) solution 0.25mg/respule to be given twice a day via nebulizer. Patients 5 years of age will receive one low dose QVAR (Beclometasone dipropionate) metered-dose inhaler (MDI) 40mcg/puff with instructions to take it two puffs twice a day with spacer. Patients allocated to the control group will not receive an asthma controller medication from the PED. Both groups will receive prescriptions for oral corticosteroids as per standard treatment and inhaled albuterol. The Mini Pediatric Asthma Control Tool (MPACT), a validated questionnaire used to rapidly identify persistent asthma symptoms in the PED will also be administered prior to discharge to assess for persistent asthma symptoms.

Patients will be followed up with a telephone call at 28 days to collect outcome data. Additional attempts will be made at 29 and 30 days post-discharge if initial attempts at contact are unsuccessful. Primary and secondary outcomes will be assessed during this call. The caller will not be blinded to group assignment. Asthma relapse rates, hospital admission rates, and medication compliance will be assessed during this follow up call. In addition, the Mini Pediatric Asthma Control Tool will be re-administered to assess change in asthma control.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03369847

Recruitment Status: Closed

Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team

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