Last updated on January 2020

Testing MK-3475 (Pembrolizumab) After Surgery for Localized Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer and Locally Advanced Urothelial Cancer


Are you eligible to participate in this study?

You may be eligible for this study if you meet the following criteria:

  • Conditions: Stage III Renal Pelvis and Ureter Cancer AJCC v7 | Localized Renal Pelvis and Ureter Urothelial Carcinoma | Stage II Ureter Cancer AJCC v7 | Stage II Renal Pelvis and Ureter Cancer AJCC v7 | Stage II Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 | Locally Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma | Stage III Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 | Locally Advanced Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma | Locally Advanced Renal Pelvis and Ureter Urothelial Carcinoma | Locally Advanced Ureter Urothelial Carcinoma | Stage III Ureter Cancer AJCC v7
  • Age: Between 18 - 100 Years
  • Gender: Male or Female

Inclusion Criteria:

  • PRE-REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
  • Histologically confirmed muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, urethra, upper tract, or lymph node positive (LN+) disease; variant histology allowed as long as urothelial carcinoma is predominant (any amount of squamous differentiation is allowed); any component of neuroendocrine carcinoma is excluded
  • Paraffin tissue samples obtained by transurethral resection of muscle-invasive bladder tumor, upper tract resection, or radical cystectomy/nephrectomy/ureterectomy/nephroureterectomy/cystoprostatectomy or urethrectomy must be available; this specimen submission is mandatory prior to registration as results will be used for stratification; specimens from radical/definitive surgery (radical cystectomy/nephrectomy/ureterectomy /nephroureterectomy/cystoprostatectomy and LN dissection) are preferred over transuretheral resection, if available
  • Patient must fit into one of the following three categories:
  • Patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and pathologic stage at surgical resection is >= pT2 and/or N+ OR
  • Patients who are not cisplatin-eligible (according to >= 1 of the following criteria: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] performance status of 2, creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min, grade >= 2 hearing loss, grade >= 2 neuropathy, or New York Heart Association class III heart failure and pathologic stage at surgical resection is >= pT3 or pN+) OR
  • Patients that decline adjuvant cisplatin-based or other systemic chemotherapy based on an informed discussion with the physician and pathologic stage at surgical resection is >= pT3 or pN+
  • Patient must have had radical cystectomy (cystoprostatectomy for men) and lymph node dissection (for bladder primary), or nephrectomy, nephroureterectomy or ureterectomy (for uppertract tumors) or urethrectomy (in addition to a radical cystectomy-either simultaneously or in the past) >= 4 weeks but =< 16 weeks prior to pre-registration; patients who have had a partial cystectomy as definitive therapy are not eligible
  • Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including type I diabetes mellitus, thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible
  • Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren's syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible
  • ECOG performance status =< 2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,200/mm^3
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/ mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 75,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin for patients with Gilbert's =< 3.0 x ULN
  • Calculated (calc.) creatinine clearance >= 30 mL/min (using either Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration [CKD-EPI] or Cockcroft-Gault formula)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum albumin >= 2.8 g/dL
  • For women of childbearing potential only: a negative urine or serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to pre-registration is required
  • REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Results of central PD-L1 testing available; Q2 Solutions will forward the PD-L1 results to the statistical center and the statistical center will notify the site that the result is available; since the results with be blinded to the site the notification from the Alliance registration/randomization office will serve as a confirmation of this eligibility criteria; after sites receive the confirmation e-mail from Alliance they can register the patient

Exclusion Criteria:

  • No gross cancer at the surgical margins; microscopic invasive urothelial carcinoma positive margins are allowed; carcinoma in situ (CIS) at margins is considered negative margins
  • No evidence of residual cancer or metastasis after surgery; patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma must have a negative cystoscopy within 3 months prior to pre-registration
  • No metastatic disease (or radiologic findings "concerning" for metastatic disease) on cross-sectional imaging (according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] version [v]1.1 criteria)
  • No active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids; these include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome because of the risk of recurrence or exacerbation of disease; human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (+) patients are eligible as long as they have: cd4 > 200, undetectable viral load and on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) therapy
  • No current pneumonitis or prior history of non-infectious pneumonitis that required steroids within the previous 5 years
  • No known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • No postoperative/adjuvant systemic therapy
  • No prior treatment with any therapy on the PD-1/PD-L1 axis
  • No treatment with any other type of investigational agent =< 4 weeks before pre-registration
  • No major surgery =< 4 weeks before pre-registration
  • No radiation therapy =< 4 weeks before pre-registration
  • No neoadjuvant chemotherapy =< 4 weeks before pre-registration
  • Not currently requiring hemodialysis
  • Not pregnant and not nursing, because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown

Recruitment Status: Open


Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team


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