Prevalence Studies After Triple Drug Therapy for Lymphatic Filariasis

  • STATUS
    Not Recruiting
  • participants needed
    22500
  • sponsor
    Washington University School of Medicine
Updated on 26 January 2021

Summary

This study will assess the impact of 2-drug (DA) or 3-drug (IDA) regimens on lymphatic filariasis infection parameters in communities. Parameters measured will include: circulating filarial antigenemia (CFA) assessed with the Filariasis Test Strip (FTS), antifilarial antibodies tested with plasma and microfilaremia (assessed by night blood smears and microscopy).

Description

Results from clinical trials in Papua New Guinea and Cote d'Ivoire have shown that a single dose of three drugs (ivermectin, diethylcarbamazine, and albendazole [IDA]) was superior to standard two drug therapy (diethylcarbamazine and albendazole [DA]) in clearing W. bancrofti microfilaremia (MF) (King et al. unpublished data).1 Recently, large safety studies that treated more than 23,000 participants across four countries were conducted to determine if IDA was safe for use in mass drug administration (MDA) (DOLF Project, unpublished data). Currently, there is no information about what community indicators of infection look like following shorter IDA programs. It is possible that current WHO guidelines for stopping MDA need to be modified for MDA programs that use IDA. Observing the levels of infection indicators in a community following treatment with IDA will provide important information to the GPELF if IDA is recommended for use in MDA programs. There is an opportunity to study communities that were treated with IDA during the "Community Based Safety Study of 2-drug (Diethylcarbamazine and Albendazole) versus 3-drug (Ivermectin, Diethylcarbamazine and Albendazole) Therapy for Lymphatic Filariasis". Communities in this study were randomly assigned to receive IDA or DA treatment. A large percentage of individuals in these communities participated in the study thereby approximating a mass distribution of the treatments. By surveying these communities 12 months following their initial treatment the investigators will be able to better understand and compare the impact of MDA with IDA or DA on LF infection parameters at the level of communities.

Details
Condition Lymphatic Filariasis
Treatment 3 drug dose - IDA, 2 drug dose - DA
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03352206
SponsorWashington University School of Medicine
Last Modified on26 January 2021

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