IRX-2 Regimen in Treating Women With Cervical Squamous Intraepithelial Neoplasia 3 or Squamous Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia 3

  • End date
    Nov 8, 2023
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    University of Southern California
Updated on 1 September 2021


This randomized phase II trial studies how well an IRX-2 Regimen works in treating women with cervical squamous intraepithelial neoplasia 3 or squamous vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia 3. The IRX-2 Regimen consists of a single dose of cyclophosphamide, followed by 21 days of indomethacin, zinc-containing multivitamins, and omeprazole. IRX-2, a human cell-derived biologic with multiple active cytokine components, may act as an immune booster to stimulate the immune system. Giving cyclophosphamide and IRX-2 may work better at treating cervical squamous intraepithelial neoplasia or squamous vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia.



I. To compare the proportion of subjects who achieve a pathologic complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) in regimen 1 versus regimen 2 at week 25, based on the resected surgical specimen.


I. To evaluate the toxicity and feasibility of administration of IRX-2 in subjects with confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 3 or vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) 3.

II. To evaluate multiple parameters to assess the activity of the IRX-2 regimen for the treatment of CIN 3 or VIN 3: the occurrence of clinical CRs or PRs at weeks 6, 13 and 25.

III. To evaluate multiple parameters to assess the activity of the IRX-2 regimen for the treatment of CIN 3 or VIN 3: frequency of elimination of human papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical or vulvar tissue using a commercial HPV genotyping assay and viral load determination by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

IV. To evaluate multiple parameters to assess the activity of the IRX-2 regimen for the treatment of CIN 3 or VIN 3: analysis of the immune infiltrates in the resected surgical specimens.

V. To evaluate multiple parameters to assess the activity of the IRX-2 regimen for the treatment of CIN 3 or VIN 3: immunophenotypic analysis of peripheral blood lymphocytes.

VI. To evaluate multiple parameters to assess the activity of the IRX-2 regimen for the treatment of CIN 3 or VIN 3: frequency of serum antibodies to HPV E6, E7 and L1 proteins by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

VII. To evaluate multiple parameters to assess the activity of the IRX-2 regimen for the treatment of CIN 3 or VIN 3: ribonucleic acid (RNA) expression profiling of immune-inflammatory markers from post-treatment resected surgical specimens.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.

Arm I: Patients receive cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) on day 1 and IRX-2 via submucosal injections in the cervix or subcutaneously (SC) for vulvar lesions on days 4-7. Patients also receive indomethacin orally (PO) three times daily (TID), zinc-containing multivitamins (PO) once daily (QD) and omeprazole orally (PO) on days 1-21.

Arm II: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV on day 1 and placebo via submucosal injections in the cervix or SC for vulvar lesions on days 4-7. Patients also receive indomethacin PO TID, zinc-containing multivitamins PO QD and omeprazole PO on days 1-21.

In both arms, treatment repeats every 6 weeks for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning week 25, patients undergo surgical resection.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1-8 weeks after surgery.

Condition Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Situ, Vulvar High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion
Treatment cyclophosphamide, laboratory biomarker analysis, Placebo, indomethacin, therapeutic conventional surgery, Omeprazole, Multivitamin, IRX-2
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03267680
SponsorUniversity of Southern California
Last Modified on1 September 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Histologically confirmed squamous CIN 3, or VIN 3 (usual type only)
The subject is either surgically sterile, postmenopausal, or agrees to practice an effective method of birth control as determined by the investigator (to be continued throughout the study period), except that subjects with CIN 3 are not permitted to use a cervical cap or diaphragm for contraception
White blood cell > 2,500/ mcL (> 2.5 x 10^9/L)
Absolute neutrophil count > 1,000/ microliter (> 1 x 10^9/L)
Platelet count > 75,000/ mcL (> 75 x 10^9/L)
Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL (>= 80 g/L) (subjects who have received a transfusion or erythropoietin up to one week prior to receiving the first dose of cyclophosphamide are eligible for the study)
International normalized ration (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) < 1.5 x ULN (upper limit of normal)
Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) < 1.5 x ULN
Serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN
Total bilirubin < 2.0 x ULN unless thought to be related to inherited bilirubin conjugation disorder (ie Gilbert?s disease)
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 2.5 x ULN
The subject is geographically accessible for ongoing follow-up and is committed to comply with the designated visits
The subject is capable of understanding and complying with the protocol and has signed the enrollment informed consent form at screening

Exclusion Criteria

For subjects with cervical dysplasia: evidence of atypical glandular cells or adenocarcinoma in situ (ACIS) based on cervical cytology, colposcopy or biopsy
For subjects with either cervical or vulvar squamous dysplasia: evidence of microinvasive squamous carcinoma based on cytology, colposcopy or biopsy
Pregnancy or lactation
Allergy to ciprofloxacin or other quinolones (because ciprofloxacin is used in preparation of IRX-2)
Allergy to indomethacin (a necessary component of the regimen) or to acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) due to likely allergy cross-reaction
Aldara (imiquimod) for the topical treatment of lower genital tract warts or dysplasia within 3 months of study enrollment
Known to be positive for human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) antibody, human immunodeficiency virus-2 (HIV-2) antibody, hepatitis B surface antigen, or hepatitis C virus antibody
Known to have other immunodeficiency diseases, including cellular immunodeficiencies, hypogammaglobulinemia, or dysgammaglobulinemia
Immunotherapy (eg, interferons, tumor necrosis factor, interleukins) or biological response modifiers (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, macrophage colony-stimulating factor) or any investigational drug within 3 months of study enrollment
Concurrent treatment with systemic corticosteroids at a dose of >= 5 mg/day of prednisone (or equivalent)
Subjects should not take aspirin (except for low-dose aspirin as prescribed for vascular disease) or other non-prescribed, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents from randomization to surgery
An infectious process or any other significant illness such as an autoimmune disease or advanced age that in the opinion of the investigator would compromise the subject?s ability to mount an immune response
Impaired hepatic, renal or hematological function, evidenced by
Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), or total bilirubin >= 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
Serum creatinine >= 2 times ULN, or
Clinically significant active cardiovascular disease, including a history of myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, heart failure as defined by New York Heart Association classes III or IV, and/or blood pressure greater than 160/90 mm Hg (1 repeat measure allowed no more than 5 minutes after the first measurement)
History of severe allergic reaction to insect bites or stings, or to any biologic pharmaceutical product, including compounds similar to the test article
Any medical contraindications, allergies or previous therapy that would preclude treatment with the components of the IRX-2 regimen, i.e., cyclophosphamide, indomethacin, zinc-containing multivitamins or omeprazole
Donation or loss of > 450 mL of blood or plasma within 30 days of randomization
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