Last updated on February 2018

Vitamin D Level and Risk of Infections in Cirrhotic Patients

Brief description of study

It is widely known that vitamin D has an important role in calcium metabolism and bone mineralization. Its deficiency is related to rickets and osteomalacia in children and adults respectively. Vitamin D had a role in innate and acquired immunity. It increases innate defense and modulates lymphocytes activation, leading to a change toward a T2 helper response ).

The role of vitamin D deficiency on the risk of bacterial infection among patients in intensive care units has been reported. An observational studies in children reported an association between low 25-OH vitamin D level and infectious viral diseases .

The deranged metabolism of vitamin D in liver cirrhosis was first reported in the late '70s and was attributed mainly to impaired 25(OH)-vitamin D hydroxylation of the precursor vitamin D caused by impaired liver function. Low level of vitamin D was found independently to be associated with increased risk of bacterial infections in patients with liver cirrhosis.

The observed relationship between the lack of vitamin D and the increase risk of mortality in cirrhotic patients could be attributed to bacterial infections. Thus, the association of low vitamin D levels with liver insufficiency and infections supports the use of vitamin D as a prognostic marker in the population of cirrhosis.

Studies on the role of vitamin D as a risk factor for infections in patients with liver cirrhosis are not well studied in our locality(Upper Egypt).

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03391245

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