Last updated on February 2019

Individualized Perioperative Hemodynamic Goal-directed Therapy in Major Abdominal Surgery (iPEGASUS-trial)

Brief description of study

To evaluate the impact of perioperative, algorithm driven, hemodynamic therapy based on individualized fluid and cardiac output optimization on postoperative moderate and severe complications in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery including visceral, urological, and gynecological operations.

In the proposed study, hemodynamic therapy is tailored individually to each patient, based on individual preload optimization by the functional parameter "pulse pressure variation (PPV)" and based on an individually titrated goal of cardiac index. The proposed study therefore further develops the concept of hemodynamic goal-directed therapy to individually set goals and is designed to assess its impact on morbidity and mortality.

Detailed Study Description

Postoperative mortality in patients undergoing surgery is on average still 4% in Europe as evaluated recently in a cohort study across 28 European countries and is considered to be even higher in high risk surgery. But besides this significant risk of death, in particular moderate and severe postoperative complications, affecting up to 40% of patients after major surgery, frequently lead to severe reductions of quality of life and cause high healthcare costs in western nations. Perioperative hemodynamic goal-directed optimization is believed to be an integral part to reduce in particular postoperative morbidity significantly and possibly also mortality. Algorithm driven optimization of macrocirculation aiming on best possible oxygen and substrate delivery to end organs and tissues is thought to be the theoretical mechanism of this therapy. A recent large multi-center trial based on such a pragmatic, non-individualized protocol failed to reduce composite morbidity underlining this weak point of this approach. The reason for failing statistically significant improvement of clinical outcome first of all has to be seen in not taking into account individual hemodynamic needs of each single patient. Every patient was hemodynamically treated according to a "one size fits all of maximizing stroke volume" approach. In contrast, a first mono-center trial gave evidence that individualized early goal-directed therapy based on an individually optimized volumetric cardiac preload parameter (global end-diastolic volume) reduces complications and ICU length of stay after cardiac surgery. Further, and even more important, a first multi-center pilot study using a goal-directed algorithm aiming to optimize blood flow oriented on individual cardiac capacities (individualized optimal cardiac index) in major abdominal surgery demonstrated feasibility and a reduction in postoperative complications. This finding needs to be confirmed in a multi-center study that is adequately powered to detect changes in specific complications and in mortality before clinical practice can be changed accordingly. Therefore, the hypothesis of this proposed prospective two arm randomized study is that algorithm driven individualized hemodynamic goal-directed therapy reduces moderate and severe postoperative complications being a massive burden on quality of life and health care costs. The proposed study develops the concept of hemodynamic goal-directed therapy to individually set goals and is designed to assess its impact on morbidity and mortality.

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT03021525

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Recruitment Status: Open

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