Sub-Clinical Atrial Fibrillation Biomarker Study

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Jul 24, 2021
  • participants needed
    700
  • sponsor
    Ottawa Heart Institute Research Corporation
Updated on 24 January 2021

Summary

This is a sub-study of the ARTESiA study registered as NCT01938248. This study is designed to validate biomarkers in subclinical atrial fibrillation and to determine if the prospective biomarker will be informative of the potential efficacy of treatment.

Description

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac rhythm disorder worldwide, and is gaining in prevalence. Currently, the treatment for atrial fibrillation is concentrated on patients with existing atrial fibrillation, and the reduction in risks of complications of stroke with anticoagulation. Furthermore, mechanical interventions such as atrial ablation procedures are fraught with inconsistent results. The availability of serum based biomarkers that can predict the early onset of atrial fibrillation, and also the ability to prognosticate risk, may help in the identification of patients at risk for AF complications early. This would also allow the identification of the patient population most suitable for the evaluation of possible future intervention strategies to prevent the onset of atrial fibrillation, and alter its natural history and complications.

Currently the best biomarkers in predicting atrial fibrillation risk are in fact markers for heart failure - NTproBNP and high sensitivity troponin. These markers are independent from CHA2DS2-VASc score. While this is very helpful, these markers will not be able to distinguish these 2 conditions because heart failure and atrial fibrillation often co-exist. The investigator's Cardiovascular Biomarker Discovery and Translation team has been using deep proteomic analysis of both human tissues and reprogrammed human stem cells to identify novel candidate biomarkers. This has been very successfully applied to diastolic heart failure, and there are now several new markers for this condition that have been validated across 3 populations. The investigators have several potential candidates for atrial fibrillation, but validation in the appropriate cohort, particularly those at the earliest risks of atrial fibrillation, will be most important.

The ARTESiA study is an ideal study setting to perform the biomarker validation, as the parent trial will recruit patients with silent atrial fibrillation detected only by dual-chamber pacemakers, defibrillators or insertable cardiac monitors. This would constitute a potentially earlier stage atrial fibrillation patient cohort, with known subsequent risks in a prospective fashion. The prospective evaluation of approved medications of aspirin and apixaban will also be helpful to determine if the prospective biomarker will be informative of the potential efficacy of treatment, or be unchanged by the treatment modalities.

Details
Condition Subclinical Atrial Fibrillation
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT02840201
SponsorOttawa Heart Institute Research Corporation
Last Modified on24 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age greater than or equal to 55 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have Subclinical Atrial Fibrillation?
Do you have any of these conditions: Do you have Subclinical Atrial Fibrillation??
Permanent pacemaker or defibrillator (with or without resynchronization) or insertable cardiac monitor
At least one episode of device-detected SCAF 6 minutes in duration but no single episode > 24 hours in duration at any time prior to enrollment. Any atrial high rate episode with average > 175 beats/min will be considered as SCAF. No distinction will be made between atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. SCAF requires electrogram confirmation (at least one episode) unless 6 hours in duration
Age 55 years
Risk Factor(s) for Stroke
Previous stroke, TIA or systemic arterial embolism OR Age at least 75 OR Age
-74 with at least 2 other risk factors OR Age 55-64 with at least 3 other
risk factors
Other risk factors are
Hypertension
CHF
Diabetes
Vascular disease (i.e. CAD, PAD or Aortic Plaque)
Female
Must be from a participating Canadian recruitment centre
Consent to participate in the ARTESiA parent study

Exclusion Criteria

Clinical atrial fibrillation documented by surface ECG (12 lead ECG, Telemetry, Holter) lasting 6 minutes, with or without clinical symptoms
Mechanical valve prosthesis, recent (within past 6 months) deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism or other condition requiring treatment with an anticoagulant
Allergy to aspirin or apixaban
Severe renal insufficiency (serum creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL [221 mol/L] or a calculated creatinine clearance < 25 ml/min)
Serious bleeding in the last 6 months or at high risk of bleeding (this includes, but is not limited to: prior intracranial hemorrhage, active peptic ulcer disease, clinically significant thrombocytopenia or anemia, recent stroke within past 10 days, documented hemorrhagic tendencies or blood dyscrasias)
Moderate to severe hepatic impairment
Ongoing need for combination therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel (or other combination of two platelet inhibitors)
Meets criteria for requiring lower dose of apixaban AND also has ongoing need for strong inhibitors of both CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, ritonavir or clarithromycin)
Ongoing need for strong inducers of both CYP3A4 and P-glycoprotein (e.g., rifampin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, St. John's wort)
Received an investigational drug in the past 30 days
Participants considered by the investigator to be unsuitable for the study for any of the following reasons
Not agreeable for treatment with either aspirin or apixaban or anticipated to have poor compliance on study drug treatment
Unwilling to attend study follow-up visits
Life expectancy less than 2 years due to concomitant disease
Women who are pregnant, breast-feeding or of child-bearing potential without an acceptable form of contraception in place (sterilization, abstinence or other method with less than 1% failure rate)
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