18F-DCFPyL PSMA- Versus 18F-NaF-PET Imaging for Detection of Metastatic Prostate Cancer

  • End date
    Jun 30, 2025
  • participants needed
  • sponsor
    National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Updated on 12 September 2021
ct scan
blood test
metastatic prostate cancer
positron emission tomography
pet/ct scan
prostate cancer metastatic



Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in American men. Few options exist to create images of this type of cancer. Researchers think an experimental radiotracer called 18F-DCFPyL could find sites of cancer in the body.


To see if 18F-DCFPyL can identify sites of prostate cancer in people with the disease.


People ages 18 and older who have metastatic prostate cancer


Participants will be screened with:

  • Blood tests
  • Physical exam
  • Medical history

Participants will be assigned to 1 of 2 groups based on their PSA.

Participants will have 18F-DCFPyL injected into a vein. About 2 hours later they will have a whole-body Positron Emission

Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT). For the scan, they will lie on their back on the scanner table while it takes pictures of the body. This lasts about 50 minutes.

On another day, participants will have 18F -NaF injected into a vein. About 1 hour later, they will have a whole-body PET/CT.

Participants will be contacted 1 3 days later for follow-up. They may undergo PET/Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) either after having a 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT, or in place of PET/CT imaging. A tube may be placed in the rectum. More coils may be wrapped around the outside of the pelvis.

If the 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT is positive participants will be encouraged to undergo a biopsy of one of the tumors. The biopsy will be taken through a needle put through the skin into the tumor.

Participants will be followed for 1 year. During this time researchers will collect information about their prostate cancer, such as PSA levels and biopsy results.

About 4-6 months after scanning is completed, participants may have a tumor biopsy. The biopsy will be taken through a needle put through the skin into the tumor.




The objective of this study is to evaluate a radiolabeled urea-based small molecule inhibitor of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), [18F] DCFPyL (DCFPyL) PET/CT (or PET/MRI imaging if available) for detection of metastatic prostate cancer

PSMA is a well characterized histological marker of prostate cancer tumor aggressiveness and metastatic potential

Our preliminary first-in-human studies demonstrate high specific uptake of a first generation less avid compound, DCFBC, in metastatic prostate cancer and demonstrated feasibility for prostate cancer metastatic detection.

We propose to assess the ability of DCFPyL PET to detect metastatic prostate cancer by visual qualitative and quantitative SUV analysis. Correlation will be made to sites of suspected bony metastatic disease detected by ultra-sensitive but less specific [18F] Sodium Fluoride (NaF)-PET/CT imaging and all sites of suspected disease detected by [18F] Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) for prostate cancer.


To compare the diagnostic sensitivity of DCFPyL-PET/CT (or PET/MRI imaging if available) to NaF-PET/CT for detection of prostate cancer bone metastasis based on comparison to reference standard of care conventional imaging modalities (CIM); such as CT and whole body bone scintigraphy incorporating prior and follow-up scans and histopathology when available.


Histological confirmation of prostate cancer

Age >=18 years old

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score of 0 to 2.

Confirmation of prostate cancer with identifiable metastatic disease on at least 1 clinically indicated imaging modality. If there is only soft tissue metastasis, one lesion must measure at least 6 mm or greater.


Two Cohort study

Cohort 1: Stable/Decreasing Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA): PSA must be equal to or less than 0.5 ng/mL value of the last PSA obtained (at least one month apart)

Cohort 2: Rising PSA: PSA must be greater than 0.5 ng/mL above the last PSA value obtained on at least two occasions within 1 year

Patients will undergo DCFPyL PET/CT (or PET/MRI), NaF-PET/CT, and FDG PET/CT within 21 days of each other. The order obtained does not matter.

The DCFPyL PET/CT (or PET/MRI) will be compared with the NaF-PET/CT and FDG PET/CT and standard chest/abdomen/pelvis CT.

DCFPyL PET/CT (or PET/MRI) detection of metastatic disease will be assessed by visual qualitative assessment as positive, equivocal, or negative. Sites of equivocal or positive metastatic disease will have a quantitative PET assessment (SUVmax, SUVmean).

A mandatory research biopsy will be performed under image guidance on a suspicious lesion, if feasible.

The patients will be followed yearly for 4 years by chart review, phone-call, email or any other NIH approved platform for PSA relapse and radiologic evidence of metastatic disease. Additional 18F-DCFPyL and 18F-FDG PET/CTs might be performed during the subject s follow up period there has been a considerable change in patient status (progression or response) based on PSA value, symptomatology, bone scan or CT findings.

Condition Malignant neoplasm of prostate, Prostatic disorder, Prostate Disorders, Prostate Cancer, Early, Recurrent, Metastatic Prostate Cancer, Prostate Cancer Metastatic, Prostate Cancer, prostate carcinoma, prostate tumor, prostate tumors, prostate cancers
Treatment 18F-FDG, 18F-NaF, 18F-DCFPyL
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03173924
SponsorNational Cancer Institute (NCI)
Last Modified on12 September 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Subject is greater than or equal to 18 years old
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score of 0 to 2
Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
Patients must have confirmation of prostate cancer with identifiable metastatic disease on at least 1 clinically indicated imaging modality. If there is only soft tissue metastasis, one lesion must measure at least 6 mm or greater
Histological confirmation of prostate cancer
Patients must be willing to undergo mandatory research biopsy

Exclusion Criteria

Subjects for whom participating would significantly delay the scheduled standard of care therapy
Subjects with any coexisting medical or psychiatric condition that is likely to interfere with study procedures and/or results
Subjects with severe claustrophobia unresponsive to oral anxiolytics
Other medical conditions deemed by the principal investigator (or associates) to make the subject unsafe/ineligible for protocol procedures
Subjects weighing greater than 350 lbs. (weight limit for scanner table), or unable to fit within the imaging gantry
Serum creatinine greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar

Primary Contact


Preferred Language
Other Language
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider


Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 



Reply by • Private

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note