Investigation of Rifampin to Reduce Pedal Amputations for Osteomyelitis in Diabetics

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • days left to enroll
    54
  • participants needed
    880
  • sponsor
    VA Office of Research and Development
Updated on 28 November 2021
diabetes
insulin
antibiotic therapy
antibiotics
debridement
diabetes mellitus
rifampin
hemoglobin a1c
glycosylated hemoglobin
diabetic foot
a hemoglobin
riboflavin
hypoglycemic agents
oral hypoglycemic

Summary

The purpose of this research study is to determine if rifampin, an antibiotic (a medicine that treats infections), is effective in treating osteomyelitis (infection of the bone) of the foot in diabetic patients. Despite use of powerful antibiotics prescribed over a long period of time, many diabetic patients remain at a high risk for needing an amputation of part of the foot or lower leg because the osteomyelitis is not cured. Some small research studies have shown that addition of rifampin to other antibiotics is effective in treating osteomyelitis in both diabetics and non-diabetics. However, because few diabetics with osteomyelitis have been studied, there is no definite proof that it is better than the usual treatments for diabetic patients. If this study finds that adding rifampin to the usual antibiotics prescribed for osteomyelitis reduces the risk for amputations, doctors will be able to more effectively treat many Veteran patients with this serious infection. Improving treatment outcomes is an important healthcare goal of the VA.

Description

This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, investigation of a six week course of adjunctive rifampin vs. adjunctive matched placebo (riboflavin) added to backbone antibacterial therapy for the treatment of diabetic foot osteomyelitis. Backbone antibacterial therapy will be with single or multiple agents selected by the clinical treatment team based either on culture results or standard empiric therapy, and which can be administered either intravenously or orally. Rifampin will be dosed at 600 mg daily. The primary outcome measure is amputation-free survival. Amputation events include both belowand above-ankle amputations. Primary outcomes will be determined by systematic medical record review and through confirmatory research visits, phone calls and, as needed, information from non-VA providers. The results for amputation-free survival will be analyzed by means of a two-sided log-rank test. The secondary outcomes of complete wound epithelialization and remission of osteomyelitis will be determined by the research team through VA record review and/or direct examination.

The study will initially enroll and randomize a total of 880 study participants to receive either rifampin or placebo (riboflavin) in addition to backbone antibiotic therapy prescribed by their clinician. Investigators expect to enroll, on average, close to one subject per month per site (10-12 per year/site) at 28 VA medical centers to achieve total randomization of 880 subjects over three years. In meeting this average site enrollment projection, Investigators anticipate variation in enrollment between larger and smaller sites, and between high-performing and low-performing sites. Subjects will be followed through the end of the second year after randomization or until a study primary endpoint event (amputation or death) occurs. On average, study participants will be followed for 1.8 years through systematic review of medical records, and by study visits and phone calls.

Details
Condition Osteomyelitis, NIDDM, Diabetes Mellitus, Amputation, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diabetes Prevention, Diabetes Mellitus Types I and II, Limb Preservation and Amputation, Diabetes (Pediatric), Diabetes Mellitus Type 2, Diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, diabetes mellitus (dm), type 2 diabetes, type ii diabetes, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, diabetes type 2
Treatment rifampin, Riboflavin Placebo
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03012529
SponsorVA Office of Research and Development
Last Modified on28 November 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Age 18 and 89 years
Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, either by: 1) use of oral hypoglycemic agents or insulin at the time of enrollment; 2) a hemoglobin A1c (HgA1c) level within the past 90 days > 6.5; or 3) a medical record diagnosis of diabetes mellitus by a clinician on two or more occasions in the previous 10 years
Definite or probable osteomyelitis in the diabetic foot, as defined by the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot (Table 1). Criteria must be present at some point within 90 days prior to enrollment
All planned debridement has been completed prior to randomization
A course of backbone antimicrobial therapy has been selected

Exclusion Criteria

Patient unable to receive enteral medication
Patient is allergic to or intolerant of rifampin
Patient is taking a drug that has interactions with rifampin that would require either stoppage, substitution or an empiric dose modification that may place the patient at medical risk
Within 30 days of enrollment, patient is taking immunosuppressive medications to prevent rejection of an organ transplant or is receiving chemotherapy for cancer or molecularly targeted therapies for cancer
Patient is receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV or antiviral medication for Hepatitis C
Patient is participating in another interventional clinical trial for which a waiver of dual enrollment with CSP#2001 has not been obtained
Patient has an ALT > 3 times the upper limit of normal for the site laboratory, or total bilirubin > 2.5 times the upper limit of normal for the site laboratory _,_ ; INR > 1.5, OR patient has Child-Pugh Class C Cirrhosis
Patient has a baseline white blood cell count (WBC) <2000 cells/mm3 OR platelet count <50,000 cells/mm3 OR hemoglobin <8.0 g/dL
Women of child-bearing potential (those with menses within the last year) with a positive serum pregnancy test
Patient is believed unlikely to be able to complete the trial due to medical conditions
Patient is believed unlikely to complete the trial due to neurologic and psycho-behavioral disorders such as active substance abuse or dependence, disabling dementias or psychoses
Patient refuses or is clinically unable to undergo the recommended level of debridement
Indwelling hardware present in the foot, at the site of the index osteomyelitis
Treatment with antibacterial agents for infection at another site, where the duration of treatment is anticipated to be greater than 14 days
Patient is receiving therapy for COVID-19 that interacts with rifampin
Patients with total bilirubin > 2 times the ULN who have Gilbert's Disease or any other inherited disease affecting bilirubin metabolism without meeting other exclusionary criteria, may be considered for inclusion in the study
Patients with platelet count <50,000 cells/mm3 due only to hypersplenism and meeting no other exclusionary criteria may be considered for inclusion in the study
If multiple laboratory values are available, the most recent value will be applied for eligibility
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