Role of Metformin on Muscle Health of Older Adults

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    60
  • sponsor
    University of Utah
Updated on 20 May 2022
insulin
bed rest
Accepts healthy volunteers

Summary

Muscle atrophy and insulin resistance are common after bed rest in healthy older adults. Metformin treatment has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and attenuate muscle loss in insulin resistance adults though the mechanisms are not fully known. Metformin used as a preventive strategy to maintain muscle and metabolic health in bed ridden older adults has not been investigated.

Description

Hospitalizations for disease, injury, and/or surgery in older adults are likely to impair physical mobility and, therefore, the older adults capacity to be physically active both during hospitalization and beyond. The resulting sedentary lifestyle is likely to be accepted as the "new normal", ultimately increasing the risk of skeletal muscle and metabolic dysfunction (e.g. insulin resistance and sarcopenia).

Muscle atrophy and insulin resistance are an unfortunate consequence with disuse in older adults. We have observed with our bed rest studies in healthy older adults that in addition to muscle and metabolic changes, we notice increased skeletal muscle inflammation, impaired glucose uptake signaling and an upregulation of enzymes related to de novo ceramide biosynthesis. The accumulation of ceramide, a toxic lipid intermediate, can disrupt glucose homeostasis and impair muscle growth. Metformin treatment has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and attenuate muscle loss in insulin resistant adults through a mechanism that may involve ceramide synthesis. Metformin used as a preventive strategy to maintain muscle and metabolic health during a period of physical inactivity in older adults has not been investigated.

A separate group of participants for the 2-week Metformin Run-in Period, independent of the bed rest and recovery study will also be recruited. All study procedures will be the same as the 2-week Run-In period within the full protocol.

We hypothesize that metformin treatment in healthy older adults during bed rest would attenuate inflammation, insulin resistance, and thigh muscle loss and changes in lipid accumulating in muscle. We also hypothesize that elevated skeletal muscle ceramide levels, is central to the development of insulin resistance with bed rest in older adults.

Therefore, we have proposed to conduct a clinical study in older adults to:

  1. Test if daily metformin treatment (vs placebo) during 5d of bed rest in older adults would attenuate intramuscular ceramide accumulation (lipid accumulation), insulin resistance (euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp), and loss in thigh muscle lean mass. We would also like to determine if 5-days of bed rest in older adults within the placebo group increases skeletal muscle ceramide concentrations and whether these are in turn associated with insulin resistance.
  2. Test if daily metformin treatment (vs placebo) during 5d of bed rest in older adults would improve skeletal muscle glucose uptake cell signaling, reduce skeletal muscle inflammation and ceramide biosynthesis signaling.
  3. Determine if muscle ceramides and insulin resistance return to baseline levels following 7 days of recovery after bed rest in the placebo group.
  4. Determine if metformin given over a 2 week period (independent of bed rest) will improve muscle size, strength and insulin sensitivity.
  5. Determine if metformin improves the recovery of muscle size and strength and insulin sensitivity 7 days after bed rest.

These findings will be foundational for future development of treatments to prevent insulin resistance and muscle atrophy in inactive older adults.

Details
Condition Muscle Atrophy, Insulin Resistance
Treatment Placebo, Metformin, Metformin (Bed Rest), Placebo (Bed Rest), Metformin (2 week run-in only), Placebo (2 week run-in only)
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03107884
SponsorUniversity of Utah
Last Modified on20 May 2022

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