Comparison of Bleeding Risk Between Rivaroxaban and Apixaban for the Treatment of Acute Venous Thromboembolism

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • End date
    Dec 29, 2023
  • participants needed
    2760
  • sponsor
    Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Updated on 29 January 2021
anticoagulants
rivaroxaban
probe
venous thromboembolism
apixaban

Summary

Apixaban and rivaroxaban have been compared to standard therapy for treatment of acute symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), and are both approved by Health Canada. No safety or efficacy data is available from direct head-to-head comparison of these two anticoagulants. Lawsuits in the United States over bleeding events, patient perceptions, and concerns with medication adherence are additional factors highlighting the importance of a comparison trial. This multi-center, pragmatic, prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded end-point (PROBE) trial aims to compare the safety of apixaban and rivaroxaban for the treatment of VTE.

Description

VTE is the third leading cause of mortality by cardiovascular disease. Standard treatment for acute VTE uses a combination of parenteral Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin (LMWH) and oral vitamin K antagonists (VKA) for 3 months, and carries significant bleeding risk. The major and/or clinically-relevant non-major bleeding (CRNMB) event rate is reported between 8.1-9.7% during initial treatment. This treatment is burdensome owing to subcutaneous injections, drug interactions, and laboratory monitoring. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are simpler to use and do not require laboratory monitoring.

Rivaroxaban and apixaban are two DOACs targeting Factor Xa. Each DOAC was separately proven effective and safe when compared to standard treatment. Comparison of the bleeding rates between studies would favour use of apixaban over rivaroxaban; however, trial limitations and lack of direct comparison between these two agents makes it impossible to draw firm conclusions. This represents a dilemma in clinical practice because the absence of convincing differences in safety has led to genuine uncertainty about which DOAC has the best risk-to-benefit ratio.

To address these limitations, a head-to-head randomized controlled trial (RCT) is needed to determine the safety (i.e. bleeding risk) of twice daily apixaban over once daily rivaroxaban during the first 3 months of acute VTE treatment. Eligibility criteria will be less stringent than the COBRRA pilot study and reflect real-world patients. Cost-effective analysis of apixaban twice daily compared to rivaroxaban once daily will also be performed.

Details
Condition Venous Thromboembolism, Thromboembolism
Treatment Rivaroxaban, Apixaban
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT03266783
SponsorOttawa Hospital Research Institute
Last Modified on29 January 2021

Eligibility

Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

Is your age greater than or equal to 18 yrs?
Gender: Male or Female
Do you have any of these conditions: Venous Thromboembolism or Thromboembolism?
Do you have any of these conditions: Thromboembolism or Venous Thromboembolism?
Do you have any of these conditions: Venous Thromboembolism or Thromboembolism?
Confirmed newly diagnosed symptomatic acute VTE (proximal power extremity DVT or segmental or greater PE)
Age 18 years old
Informed consent obtained

Exclusion Criteria

Have received > 72 hours of therapeutic anticoagulation
Creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min calculated with the Cockcroft-Gault formula
Any contraindication for anticoagulation with apixaban or rivaroxaban as determined by the treating physician such as, but not limited to
active bleeding
active malignancy, defined as a) diagnosed with cancer within the past 6 months; or b) recurrent, regionally advanced or metastatic disease; or c) currently receiving treatment or have received any treatment for cancer during the 6 months prior to randomization; or d) a hematologic malignancy not in complete remission
weight > 120 kg
liver disease (Child-Pugh Class B or C)
use of contraindicated medications
another indication for long-term anticoagulation (e.g. atrial fibrillation)
pregnant (note below) or breastfeeding (Note: as reported by the patient or a pregnancy test will be ordered at the discretion of the treating physician for women of childbearing potential as per standard of care)
Clear my responses

How to participate?

Step 1 Connect with a site
What happens next?
  • You can expect the study team to contact you via email or phone in the next few days.
  • Sign up as volunteer to help accelerate the development of new treatments and to get notified about similar trials.

You are contacting

Investigator Avatar
Name

Primary Contact

site
Name

Phone Email

0/250
Please verify that you are not a bot.

Additional screening procedures may be conducted by the study team before you can be confirmed eligible to participate.

Learn more

If you are confirmed eligible after full screening, you will be required to understand and sign the informed consent if you decide to enroll in the study. Once enrolled you may be asked to make scheduled visits over a period of time.

Learn more

Complete your scheduled study participation activities and then you are done. You may receive summary of study results if provided by the sponsor.

Learn more

Similar trials to consider

Loading...

Browse trials for

Not finding what you're looking for?

Every year hundreds of thousands of volunteers step forward to participate in research. Sign up as a volunteer and receive email notifications when clinical trials are posted in the medical category of interest to you.

Sign up as volunteer

user name

Added by • 

 • 

Private

Reply by • Private
Loading...

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur, adipisicing elit. Ipsa vel nobis alias. Quae eveniet velit voluptate quo doloribus maxime et dicta in sequi, corporis quod. Ea, dolor eius? Dolore, vel!

  The passcode will expire in None.
Loading...

No annotations made yet

Add a private note
  • abc Select a piece of text from the left.
  • Add notes visible only to you.
  • Send it to people through a passcode protected link.
Add a private note