Last updated on March 2019

Esmolol to Control Adrenergic Storm in Septic Shock- ROLL-IN 2


Are you eligible to participate in this study?

You may be eligible for this study if you meet the following criteria:

  • Conditions: Toxic Shock Syndrome
  • Age: Between 18 - 100 Years
  • Gender: Male or Female

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 18 years
  2. Within 72 hours of admission to the ICU and septic shock (sepsis present at time of admission)
  3. Septic shock defined by SEPSIS-3 consensus criteria as i. Suspected or documented infection ii. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score increased by at least 2 points over baseline iii. Lactate > 2mmol/L iv. Receiving vasopressors to treat hypotension after at least 20 ml/kg intravenous crystalloid volume expansion
  4. Receiving vasopressors through a central venous catheter for more than 60 minutes.
  5. Arterial catheter in place or expected to be placed imminently.
  6. Heart rate > 90/min while receiving vasopressors for more than 60 minutes.
  7. Adequately volume expanded, as manifest by any of the following, performed as part of routine clinical care (i.e., no study procedures will be performed before signed consent). If none of these measures are clinically available, the clinical attending must confirm that volume expansion is adequate. (After enrollment, a final safety check will confirm the adequacy of volume expansion.)
  8. Central venous pressure (CVP) > 15 mm Hg.
  9. Negative Passive-Leg Raise (PLR) maneuver (<10% increase in cardiac output after PLR).
  10. No cardiac output response (<10% increase) after rapid infusion (<5 min) of 250 ml of IV crystalloid (i.e., a graded volume expansion challenge [GVEC]).
  11. Inferior vena cava (IVC) plethora
  12. For patients who happen to be breathing passively (i.e., paralyzed or deeply sedated) on a positive pressure mechanical ventilator delivering at least 8 ml/kg tidal volumes and in normal sinus rhythm, stroke volume variability <13% (such patients are acknowledged to be uncommon; the protocol does not recommend or require the induction of passive breathing).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Lack of informed consent.
  2. Currently receiving ExtraCorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO).
  3. Known pregnancy or nursing.
  4. Patient is a prisoner.
  5. Patient on hospice (or equivalent comfort care approach) at or before the time of enrollment.
  6. Known or current atrial fibrillation.
  7. Previously enrolled in the trial.
  8. Known allergy to esmolol or vehicle (see Appendix 2 for BREVIBLOC vehicle ingredients).
  9. Receipt of nodal blocking agents (see Appendix 3 for list of such agents) within three half lives
  10. Hemoglobin < 7 gm/dl.
  11. Cardiac arrest within 24 hours.
  12. Pulmonary hypertension (moderate or severe), from documented history of prior right heart catheterization or current evidence on transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) of any of the following
    • Mean Pulmonary Arterial Pressure (mPAP) 35mmHg (millimeters of mercury)
    • Systolic Pulmonary Arterial Pressure (SPAP) 60mmHg (millimeters of mercury)
  13. Cardiovascular collapse, as manifested by inability to achieve a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 65 mmHg with vasopressor therapy.
  14. Cardiogenic shock, as defined by any of the following
    • Cardiac index 2.3 L/min/m2
    • Ejection fraction 30%
    • ScvO2 60%
    • Current infusion of any dose of dobutamine, milrinone, or dopamine (if dopamine is being used for clinically diagnosed bradycardia or cardiogenic shock)
    • Current infusion of epinephrine for clinically diagnosed cardiogenic shock
  15. Significant atrioventricular dysfunction
    • Sick sinus syndrome
    • PR interval > 200 msec
    • Current evidence or prior history of Grade 2 or Grade 3 heart block
    • Pacemaker or plans to place a pacemaker
  16. Pheochromocytoma or status asthmaticus
  17. Receiving clonidine, guanfacine, or moxonidine
  18. Worse than moderate aortic stenosis
    • Known aortic stenosis, with any of (1) mean gradient 40 mmHg OR (2) maximum gradient 60mmHg OR (3) aortic valve area 1.0cm2 OR (4) aortic valve area index 0.85cm2/m2 body surface area.
  19. Worse than mild mitral stenosis
    • Known mitral stenosis, with any of (1) valve area 1.5 cm2 OR mean gradient 5 mmHg.

Recruitment Status: Open


Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team


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