Hyperbaric Oxygen (HBO) Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury

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Updated on 25 March 2021


Hyperbaric Oxygen (HBO) Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury


This study is designed to test the hypothesis that patients with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)treated with Hyperbaric (HBO) will show improvement in function and an increased blood flow as evidenced by single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scan. Improvement is evidenced by increase in number of pixels on SPECT Scan and increased brain metabolism. Improvement may also be identified via cognitive assessments administered by Jupiter Medical Center Research Department.

Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)have abnormal findings including hemorrhagic cortical contusions or petechial or foci of altered signal that represents white matter injury. MRI, CT or SPECT scans showing changes consistent with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)and or medical history of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)as evidenced by medical records will be screened for treatment with Hyperbaric. Each patient will undergo 5 times-a-week Hyperbaric treatments to 1.5 atmospheres absolute(ATA).

Each patient will have a SPECT scan, cognitive assessment, and physician evaluation prior to first treatment and after 40, 80, and 120 treatments to document progress of the treatment (Harch et al, 2012). Cognitive assessment will include the Trail Making Test Parts A and B. Patient will be seen by physician to assess level of disability at each interval; the United States Department of Veteran Affairs' Evaluation of Cognitive Impairment and Subjective Symptoms (VAECI) (2012) tool will be utilized during the physician's evaluation as an objective measure of the patient's level of disability.

Hyperbaric treatments may be adjusted for patient comfort. If the SPECT scan, cognitive assessment and physician evaluation show improvement after 40 treatments, another 40 Hyperbaric(HBO)treatments will be administered. Treatments will be discontinued after a 40 session interval if the SPECT scan, cognitive assessment and physician evaluation show no improvement. The patient will also have a SPECT scan and cognitive assessment follow up 3 months after final Hyperbaric(HBO) treatment.The time points for evaluation of cognitive status and single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) scan will be at at 40,80,120 Hyperbaric(HBO)treatments. Treatment will occur 5 times per week for approximately 24 weeks with another follow up 3 months post treatment. This will provide all data points for outcome measure.


Condition Traumatic Brain Injury
Clinical Study IdentifierTX140575
Last Modified on25 March 2021


Yes No Not Sure

Inclusion Criteria

All Stage Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)as demonstrated by loss of consciousness due to the injury that is a minimum of 1 year old
Age ≥18 years
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-2
Women: Negative pregnancy test: If sexually active, women will take contraceptive measures for the duration of the treatments. Medically acceptable contraceptives include: 1) surgical sterilization (such as tubal ligation, hysterectomy, 2) approved hormonal contraceptives (such as birth control pills, patches, implants or injections), 3) barrier methods (such as a condom or diaphragm) used with a spermicide, or 4) an intrauterine device (IUD)
Subjects capacity to give legally effective consent (patient is alert and oriented x3)
Signed consent form approved by the Institutional Review Board prior to patient entry
History of lung disease (e.g. bronchitis, asthma) requires chest x-ray prior to inclusion in the study
Untreated Pneumothorax
Anti-metabolites/chemotherapeutic agents (is used currently)
Mafenide Acetate (sulfamylon): antibacterial drug; peripheral vasodilation Disulfiram (Antabuse)
History of spontaneous pneumothorax
Seizure Disorder
Acute Upper Respiratory Infection
Acute High Fever
Acute Viral Infection
Participation in another experimental trial with active interventions
Women who are pregnant or lactating
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