Last updated on March 2020

Long-term Ambrisentan Extension Study for Pediatric Patients Who Participated in AMB112529

Brief description of study

An open label, long term extension to Study AMB112529. All subjects may remain in the extension study for a minimum of six months. Beyond the six month period, subjects may continue in the extension study until one of the following conditions is met:

the subject turns 18 years of age (when the subject can receive marketed product) the product is approved and available for use in the subject's age group, development for use in the paediatric population is discontinued. the subject decides he/she no longer wants to participate in the study, the investigator considers it is in the best interest of the subject to discontinue ambrisentan (e.g. for safety reasons).

The primary objective is the long-term safety and tolerability of ambrisentan in the paediatric PAH population. Secondary objectives are all cause mortality and change from baseline in Study AMB112529 on efficacy parameters.

Detailed Study Description

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare, progressive, highly debilitating disease characterized by vascular obstruction and the variable presence of vasoconstriction, leading to increased pulmonary vascular resistance and right-sided heart failure. If left untreated, PAH ultimately leads to right ventricular failure and death; adult subjects have a median survival of 2.8 years without treatment. Epidemiological estimates vary but prevalence in Europe is thought to be of the order of 15 cases per million. Large scale epidemiology studies of PAH in children have not been conducted and there is no or limited outcome data in paediatric PAH patients. A register in France (1995-1996) estimates the prevalence in children is as low as 3.7 cases per million. In a national, comprehensive country wide survey of the epidemiology of idiopathic PAH (IPAH) management and survival in the United Kingdom (UK) the incidence was 0.48 cases per million children per year and the prevalence was 2.1 cases per million children.

Ambrisentan (VOLIBRIS tablets) is an endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA) marketed in the European Union (EU) and some other countries by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) and in the United States as LETAIRIS by Gilead Sciences Inc. Ambrisentan is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with PAH to improve exercise capacity, decrease the symptoms of PAH, and delay clinical worsening.

The primary purpose of this long term paediatric study is to provide clinically relevant information on the long term safety of ambrisentan in children with the most common causes of PAH in this age group. This study is only open to patients who have participated in Study AMB112529, A randomized, open label study comparing safety and efficacy parameters for a high and a low dose of ambrisentan (adjusted for body weight) for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension in paediatric patients aged 8 years up to 18 years, and in whom continued treatment with ambrisentan is warranted.

This study is part of a Paediatric Investigational Plan (PIP; EMEA-000434-PIP01-08) agreed with the European Medicines Agency's Paediatric Committee (PDCO).

Clinical Study Identifier: NCT01342952

Recruitment Status: Closed

Brief Description Eligibility Contact Research Team

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