Xeloda Plus Paclitaxel in Gastric Cancer With Liver Metastasis

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    60
  • sponsor
    Beijing Cancer Hospital
Updated on 8 November 2020
paclitaxel
carcinoma
metastasis
capecitabine
liver metastasis
cancer chemotherapy
xeloda

Summary

To investigate the efficacy of capecitabine combined with paclitaxel as neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer with liver metastasis only

Description

Patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer have a poor prognosis. The optimal treatment of gastric cancer with liver metastases without other distant metastases remains a matter for debate and there are few prospective clinical trials to explore this area. The aim of this prospective phase II study is to evaluate the optimal treatment of gastric cancer with liver metastases. In preclinical xenograft models, capecitabine was highly active against several tumors, including breast, colorectal, gastric, and cervical tumors, and against both 5-FU-sensitive and 5-FU-resistant tumors. Intermittent capecitabine (1250 mg/m2 daily dose for 14 days, followed by a 7-day rest period) was shown to be active as a single agent in previously untreated AGC patients, with a response rate of 28.2% in 39 patients. The combination of capecitabine with other drugs, such as cisplatin, oxaliplatin, epirubicin, and docetaxel, had an objective response rate of 40-68% as first-line treatment in patients with AGC. In human colon cancer xenograft model, thymidine phosphorylase is upregulated and synergy between paclitaxel and capecitabine has been observed. The activity of capecitabine in patients with breast cancer refractory to paclitaxel and anthracyclines suggests that the combination of capecitabine and paclitaxel may be effective in treating patients with advanced breast cancer. Doses recommended are capecitabine 1650 mg/m2 per day orally for 14 days and paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 i.v. every 3 weeks. In a phase II trial with 45 patients involved, 2 patients showed complete response and 20 showed partial response making the overall response rate 48.9% (95%CI:30.3-63.5%). There was no neutropaenic fever or treatment-related deaths. That study demonstrated that paclitaxel and capecitabine combination chemotherapy was active and highly tolerable. The rationale of this study was to find out if outcome could be improved after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel and capecitabine with or without local treatment for patients without other distant metastasis than liver metastasis.

Details
Condition Gastric Cancer
Treatment Capecitabine
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT01167049
SponsorBeijing Cancer Hospital
Last Modified on8 November 2020

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