Study of Intravitreal Microplasmin in Relieving Vitreo-Macular Adhesion in Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration

  • STATUS
    Recruiting
  • participants needed
    30
  • sponsor
    University of California, Los Angeles
Updated on 8 November 2020
wet age-related macular degeneration
age-related macular degeneration
choroidal neovascular membrane

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether microplasmin given by intravitreal injection is effective and safe for the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in patients who have focal vitreomacular adhesion (VMA)

Description

The human vitreous gel undergoes progressive liquefaction with age. Concurrent with the process of vitreous liquefaction, there is a weakening of the adhesion at the vitreoretinal interface between the cortical vitreous gel and the inner limiting lamina. Posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) is a separation of the cortical vitreous get from the inner limiting lamina. PVD is usually a sudden event during which liquefied vitreous from the center of the vitreous body bursts through a hole in the posterior vitreous cortex and then dissects the residual cortex gel away from the inner limiting lamina. If there is residual vitreoretinal traction around the break, this process may induce a tear in the retina that can in turn result in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, macular hole, or cystoid macular edema. The importance of the vitreous in the progression of diabetic retinopathy may also extend beyond tractional considerations. For example, it is believed that the vitreous serves as scaffolding for new vessel formation and may also contribute to molecular imbalances that lead to retinopathy progression. Therefore, total PVD, by releasing vitreoretinal traction as well as other potential mechanisms, may be beneficial in various vitreoretinal diseases such as neovascular AMD. Vitreomacular adhesion (VMA) in exudative (wet) AMD may be associated with poor prognosis in patients with AMD. This trial is primarily aimed at showing that release of VMA can be induced by microplasmin, a proteolytic enzyme, in patients with wet AMD, and that microplasmin is safe in patients w/ neovascular (wet) AMD. Secondary endpoint will be assessment of improved AMD outcomes.

Details
Condition age-related macular degeneration
Treatment Placebo control, Microplasmin
Clinical Study IdentifierNCT00996684
SponsorUniversity of California, Los Angeles
Last Modified on8 November 2020

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